SOCIAL CREDIT AND THE KINGDOM
By Eric D. Butler
Introduction - A
Background Picture - The Nature of Democracy - Policies
and Philosophy - Social Credit and The Jewish
Question - Freeing Christianity from Pharisaism - The
Lessons of Alberta - From The Ground Up - Turning
Back The Clock of Civilisation - Faith Without
Works - Full Employment Denies Access To The
Kingdom - A Realistic Spiritual Revival - Other
Works by Eric Butler
Christianity, Democracy, and Social
Credit have at least three things in common, they are all said to
have failed, none of them is in the 'nature of a Plan, and every
effort of some of the most powerfully organised forces in the world
is directed to the end, not only that they shall never be accepted,
but that as few persons as possible shall ever understand their nature. C.
In 1935, at the age of 19, I read a letter
in a country newspaper (Benalla, Victoria. Australia) which
was my first introduction to the ideas of C.H. Douglas, founder of
the Social Credit Movement. The course of my life was changed
by that introduction to Douglas and the subsequent impact of Douglas's
My youthful aspirations were towards a life on the land, but, while
I have fortunately been able to maintain a close practical association
with farming, my introduction to Douglas led me into a life of attempted
service to Truths which, if applied, would certainly lead to the growth
of a Civilisation surpassing all those of the past.
At school, history was a subject of intense fascination for me. I
wondered why great Civilisations had collapsed.
At an early age I had read all of the generally recognised historians
like Gibbon, Leckey, Macauley and others. But not until I read
Douglas, who indicated a more realistic approach to history, did I
completely grasp that the excessive centralisation of power over individual
initiative was the major cause of Civilisation collapsing and that
the creation and control of money was a major instrument of power.
In one of his many profound observations, Douglas said that history
was not merely a series of disconnected episodes concerning the birth
of Kings, wars and other events, but was "crystallised politics."
And policies are manifestations of underlying philosophies.
While the development of policies may from time to time, be influenced
by what Douglas described as "unrehearsed events", they are
in the main the result of conscious effort by individuals organised
to pursue policies reflecting philosophies.
In an address given at Liverpool. England, in 1936, The Tragedy
of Human Effort, Douglas said: "The general principles
which govern association for the common good are as capable of exact
statement at the principles of bridge-building, and departure from
them just as disastrous".
The modem theory, if it can,be called modern of the totalitarian state,
for instance, to the effect that the state is everything and the individual
nothing, is a departure from those principles, and is a revamping of
the theory of the later Roman Empire, which theory, together with the
financial methods by which it was maintained, led to Rome's downfall,
not by the conquest of stronger Empires, but by its own internal dissensions.
It is a theory involving complete inversion of fact. and is, incidentally,
fundamentally anti-Christian . .
Astronomical debt, crushing taxation and inflation
produced in Rome the same disastrous economic, social and political
results which are a feature of what is now clearly another disintegrating
Civilisation. The lessons of history are vital. Those
who refuse to learn from the disasters of history are doomed to repeat
It is equally important to learn from man's successful achievements
Douglas observed on a number of occasions of valuable knowledge of
the past which has either been lost or deliberately suppressed. Tradition
has been derided, which means a turning away from the accumulated wisdom
and experiences of the past. The downgrading of classical literature
has deprived modern man of priceless knowledge. Very few modem
students of history have even heard of the great work of One of the
famous American Adams family, Brooks, The Law of Civilisation and
Decay, first published in 1895.
Brooks Adams assembled a mass of carefully documented material to demonstrate
that excessive centralisation of power had been the basic cause
of the collapse of all Civilisations, to date.
Douglas described William Cobbett as the greatest Englishman of last
century. The remarkable Cobbett, a self-taught master of the
English language, vigorously attacked the debt system at a time when
Karl Marx and his backers were laying the foundations for a movement
of ideas now increasingly threatening what is left of Western Civilisation.
Cobbett's Rural Rides and other writings are essential reading
for an understanding of real English history. Today William Cobbett
is generally unknown while Marx is treated as an outstanding philosopher,
even by some who call themselves anti-Communists.
Douglas's vital contribution towards an understanding of real history
was to show how the money system has over centuries been a major instrument
through which power has been centralised. Douglas described how
when he first made his discovery about the basic flaw in the present
finance-economic system, he thought that all he had to do was to tell
those in control of the system about the flaw, that they would thank
him, and then proceed to correct the flaw. But he soon discovered
that so far from wanting to correct the flaw, those in control of financial
policy were determined to resist any suggestion of correcting a flaw
which made the progressive centralisation of power appear inevitable.
The Marxists and other will-to-power groups also strongly resisted
any corrective policy which would remove the conditions they require
As Douglas said, he soon realised that he was embarking upon a project
which would not only absorb the whole of his lifetime, but many lifetimes
to come. In revealing the basic flaw in the finance-economic
system, Douglas was brought face to face with the more basic question
of the age-old power question.
If the present state of the world is not the result of policies fashioned
by individuals who are organised to advance those policies, but is
the result of blind forces and mere chance, then clearly there is nothing
the individual can do about averting further disasters. This
is the village idiot theory of history and naturally it tends to produce
a passive attitude towards events. It cripples individual initiative.
But the absurdity of the theory can be demonstrated by asking did Western
Christian Civilisation develop over nearly two thousand years by "mere
The development took place because sufficient individuals strove, sacrificed,
many died, to advance a concept of how individuals should live together
in society. The retreat from that Civilisation has taken place
because individuals with an anti-Christian view of how men should live,
have used instruments of power and influence to strive to create a
world in which their philosophy prevails. They must be described
as conspirators, even though many of them are in competition with one
Since Douglas outlined this realistic concept of history, there has
in recent years been a spate of works on what is often described sneeringly
as the "conspiratorial view of history." But many of these
works, from the pens of outstanding academics with access to documentation
not so readily available when Douglas was writing, have confirmed his
Douglas's warning that the drive towards creating a World State was
designed to ensure that centralised Money Power was reinforced with
centralised economic and military power has been dramatically confirmed
by the promoting of programmes such as The New International Economic
Order, which specifically lists basic raw materials, food, oil and
minerals, for international control.
But Douglas's most profound impact upon me has
been in the sphere of religion.
During my late teens, when I had time to do a prodigious amount of
reading, I had read most of the "rationalist" literature
of that period. As one whose religious education consisted of
little more than what I learned at a Sunday School, where I recall
that in the main stories from The Old Testament were presented
as literal truth -- I recall winning a prize for an essay on one of
these stories -- I drifted towards an agnostic attitude towards Christianity
when I realised that even The New Testament, the word of God,
reflected obvious human imperfections in the narrative, while there
was at least one major contradiction as witnessed by the glaring discrepancy
between the alleged genealogy of Christ as given in Matthew and Luke.
One of my greatest diffculties was in attempting to reconcile the Christian
God of Love of The New Testament with the God of The Old
Testament, where the most savage and treacherous acts are recorded
as having been cornmitted in His name.
Later I came to realise that, irrespective of the imperfections of
the record of Christ as given in the four synoptic Gospels of Matthew,
Mark, Luke and John, nearly two thousand years of history had convincingly
demonstrated that when the Truths enunciated by Christ were appIied in
human affairs, a new and creative type of Civilisation came into existence.
Douglas shed a blinding light on much of what had appeared obscure
or irrelevant concerning Christianity. His presentation of the
vital importance of the Doctrine of Incarnation was a revelation to
me and I have long come to the conclusion that Social Credit is, as
Douglas said, "practical Christianity," and that the very
future of genuine Christianity now depends upon Social Credit and the
It is relatively easy to criticise the alleged
disastrous effects of Christianity on the human drama, but G. K.
Chesterton was right when he said that so far from Christianity having
failed, it had not yet been tried. To the extent that it had
been tried, it has resulted in a tremendous advance for mankind.
Without the Christian influence the high-water mark of Western Civilisation,
reached before the First World War, would never have been possible.
Since then there has been a retreat from Christianity. That retreat
can, however, be reversed if sufficient individuals will, with proper
humility, search for what has gone wrong and how realistic repentance
may take place.
Douglas has shown the way by advancing policies which can make the
When I entered the Social Credit Movement in Australia it was in the
first full flush of enthusiasm. I came to know the pioneers of
this unique movement, some of them outstanding men in their different
I participated in the many discussions, and controversies, which took
place. One of the most vital of these concerned what type of
political action should be taken.
I was fortunate to see at the beginning the realism of what
Douglas had to say concerning the dangers and futilities of orthodox
party political activity and was associated with those who were determined
to follow Douglas. Because the main stream of Social Credit activities
in Australia followed Douglas's advice, Social Credit never became
trapped in the bog lands of party politics and, maintained a vitality
which can now be seen as having played a major role in the re-generation
of the Social Credit Movement throughout the world.
I studied Douglas's writing carefully. I found my understanding
of reality progressively expanded. I later corresponded with
Douglas and have had the opportunity during international tours to
meet with those who had known Douglas and worked with him. Throughout
my public life I have known large numbers of politicians, observed
party politics at first hand, and met with influential and distinguished
people in all walks of life. Invariably I have found the understanding
gained from Douglas of vital importance in assessing my experiences.
1979 is the centenary of Douglas's birth.
This collection of lecture notes, used in a series of Douglas Seminars
in 1978 and 1979 are offered as a modest contribution towards commemorating
one of the greatest men of recorded history. They seek to
demonstrate that the attempt to "release reality" by
Douglas covered every aspect of life, ranging from religion to
the land question.
They are also designed to ensure that unlike other great men who have
been obliterated from the written history records, Douglas's unique
contribution to the service of Truth shall not be lost and forgotten.
The Douglas Revelation is essential if there is to be a re-generation
of a Civilisation now sick to the point of death.
Melbourne, Australia, 1979.
of Douglas's approach to life was his attitude towards excessive
comments concerning Douglas the man. In his will he specifically
requested no long obituaries. Douglas was concerned that his work
and ideas be considered quite apart from what some might have though
for example, about his personality, or his physical appearance. In
a shallow criticism of Douglas, Dr. Colin Clark. the Australian economist,
felt it necessary to describe Douglas as "fat". Quite apart
from the fact that those who knew Douglas intimately described him
as of "stocky build". What relevance has a man's physical build to
his ideas? Douglas was a very keen golfer, but one of those
who played a lot with Douglas said he was only a fair player. Douglas's
average ability at playing golf is of no real interest to those concerned
with understanding his ideas.
Commenting on one criticism of his literary style, by the late Sir
Douglas Copland, the Australian economist. Douglas observed that
it was "inevitable that the process of pioneering is not usually associated,
contemporaneously, with the laying down of high-speed roads. The truth
is that Douglas said many things so contrary to generally accepted
views on economics and associated matters, that at first glance they
appeared astonishing or obscure. Douglas was well aware of this difficulty
and went to considerable trouble to elaborate. Nevertheless.
such was the genius of Douglas that on many occasions he compressed
into a few short comments a description of a profound and explosive
truth which could be elaborated into a whole book. The truths
expounded by Christ were also explosive and, as pointed out by Douglas,
their full significance has not yet been completely grasped after nearly
two thousand years.
was a product of Western Christian Civilisation, especially of the
British manifestation of that Civilisation.
was born in 1879 of an English mother and a Scots father and his
formative years were during a period of comparative stability when
the British Empire was at its zenith. During his early years
he had a vast experience as a consulting engineer in various parts
of the world. He had been with the Canadian General Electric
Company, Peterborough, Canada.
Assistant Engineer, Lachine Rapids Hydraulic Construction, Deputy
Chief Electrical Engineer, Buenos Aires and Pacific Railway and
Chief Engineer and Manager in India for the Westinghouse Company.
is instructive to note that Douglas's wide education followed the
pattern he later recommended in Programme For The Third World War
(1943). Observing that the word "educate" means "to lead out". Douglas
said that what passed for education was a "putting-in" process "at
an age when the critical faculty, even in the case of individuals
who might later have developed it, is almost nonexistent. In
consequence, such ideas as are absorbed are accepted as equally factual
- 'twice two equals four', and 'labour produces all wealth', being
statements of the same importance and credibility". Douglas
recommended a reversion, under modern conditions, to what applied
in the Middle Ages, when a child of well-established parents mastered
reading, writing and simple arithmetic, was reasonably disciplined
and provided with a diversity of social experience before travelling
abroad. Then the young person entered a University to assess
books against a practical experience of the world. Douglas
had many years of overseas practical experience before attending
provides many examples of great truths being destroyed, not by direct
opposition, but by perversion. The most dangerous perversion
is that of those who proclaim they are supporting the author of the
truth they are perverting. Large numbers of people who call
themselves Christians -, followers of Christ - support policies which
increasingly crush the individual's freedom. The ultimate in
blasphemy is the profession of "Christian-Marxism" and support for
the World State - an International Caesar.
Many of those describing themselves as Social Crediters and Douglas
supporters have perverted by describing Douglas as a "money reformer"
and a "great idealist". It was the famous Jewish writer, Dr.
Oscar Levy. who observed that the ideal is the enemy of the real. Idealism
is a manifestation of man's false pride and suggests that man can be
his own God.
Douglas's approach was that of proper respect and humility, as expressed
in his comment that
"The rules of the Universe transcend human thinking",
and that if man desired the greatest satisfaction in human affairs
he should painstakingly attempt to discover what those truths are,
and then obey them. Douglas was primarily a man concerned with
discovering truth, reality.
In another comment he said that Social Credit provided "a glimpse of
reality". Douglas modestly claimed that Social Credit provided
only a "glimpse" of reality. A fuller understanding of reality
requires a constant search for Truth. In one of those profound
statements which can be pondered upon indefinitely with increasing
benefit, Douglas said Social Crediters were seeking "to release reality."
for the claim that Social Crediters were concerned with creating
a Utopia, Douglas specifically repudiated this on a number of occasions,
stating that "society is never in more deadly danger than when it
is committed to the mercies of the idealist, and particularly the
Utopianist. The fact is that there is no single Utopia which
would give satisfaction to more than a small percentage of us, and
that what we really demand of existence is not that we shall be put
into somebody else's Utopia, but that we shall be put into a position
to construct a Utopia of our own".
Credit does not say, "This is how things ought to workand
we must reform the financial and other systems so that this happens,"
but that things work best in accord with their own nature. In
the preface to Credit Power and Democracy (1920) Douglas wrote,
"That is moral which works best." Later he pointed out that the word
"moral" used in such a loose manner as though the word defines itself.
Much of what is called progress is a-moral. The use of better
tools does not automatically ensure better objectives. We can
improve planes so that we can fly from one place to another in less
time. Is this progress? Or is the real question, 'What
do we do with the time we saved? Build more planes?'
further, Douglas wrote in Whose Service isPerfect Freedom (an
unfinished work started in 1940) that "the only rational meaning
which can be attached to the phrase moral progress is firstly a continuous
approach to Reality... and,
secondly, the ordering of our actions, in light of such
approach, so that they tend towards our own and the general
good. And if, as may be held, Reality and Good, or God, are
synonomous, these too come to much the same thing."
describe Douglas as a "reformer" is another manifestattion of perversion.
Social Credit is concerned with the rectification of the errors discovered (revealed)
by Douglas. Douglas was was not concerned with attempting to correct
the results of error, but of correcting the error itself. Evil
can never be defeated by attempting to reform it, by what is in reality
only a change in its aspect; it must be abolished completely.
How Douglas came to make his discoveries is best told by himself.
an address to members of the Canadian Club in Ottawa in- April, 1923,
when he was in Canada by invitation to present his views to the Canadian
Parliamentary Committee on Banking and Commerce, Douglas sketched
the history of his discoveries and the development of the line of
thought which had brought him to the conclusions he had reached.
The beginning of this "rather long-winded story was about fifteen years
ago". Douglas explained how while in India in charge of the Westinghouse
interests in the East, he had conducted a survey of a large district
with considerable water-power. The survey had been at the insistence
of the Government of India. Douglas said that when he went back
to Calcutta and Simla and asked what was going to be done about using
the water-power, the reaction was, "Well. we have not got any money." This
was at a time when the manufacturers in Great Britain were finding
it hard to obtain orders and the prices for machinery were very low. Douglas
said that he accepted the statement made, and, he supposed, pigeon-holed
the fact in his mind.
went on to recall how when he dined frequently with the controller-general
of India, he was bored considerably by long lectures on the subject
of credit. The controller-general related his experiences with
Treasury officials in India and Britain, insisting that silver and
gold had nothing to do with the situation. "It nearly entirely
depends upon credit," he said. Douglas remarked that at the
time his friend's comments made little sense to him, but, nevertheless,
he felt that they had also been pigeonholed in his mind.
proceeded to explain how just before the First World War he was employed
by the British Government in connection with the building of the
Post Office tube railway in London. There was no physical problem
about the enterprise, but periodically he was ordered to pay men
off as there was insufficient money. "Then the war came," said
"and I began to notice that you could get money for any purpose."
That struck him as being rather curious.
the First World War Douglas, who had seen service in France and had
been mentioned in despatches, was sent to the Farnborough Royal Aircraft
Works to sort out "a certain amount of muddle." After weeks he had
discovered that after introducing tabulating machines to assist his
examination of the costing system of the factory, costs were being
generated at a much rate than incomes were being distributed in the
form of wages and salaries.
Like a true scientist, Douglas had an investigation made of a cross
section of hundreds of British industrial organisations and found that
they all created total costs, reflected in prices, at a greater rate
than they distributed purchasing power through wages and salaries.
Douglas later provided mathematical proof his discovery, stated in
the form of the famous A + B theorem.
Douglas said that later he noted that with the withdrawal of something
like seven million of the ,best producers in the country, those left,
the older people, women and children, had been able to build wonderful
concrete cities. Immense quantities of production were being
poured out to be destroyed by war. Yet everyone was living
on at least as high a standard of living as before the war, Douglas
said that these more or less detached facts became also more or less
pigeon-holed in his mind.
His attention was then directed to a huge propaganda that was being
conducted to the effect that "we must produce more," supplemented later
with the claim that Great Britain was a poor, poor nation and that
only hard work could save it from destruction. Douglas said that
he began to think about what would happen when the vast production
for war purposes was diverted to peace-time activities. It was
then that he wrote his first article, "The Delusion of Super-Production,"
published in the English Review of December, 1918, in which
he predicted that a policy of still greater production must inevitably
lead to more disasters for mankind.
then told his Canadian audience that it was not true that Britain
was a poor, poor nation in 1919. He said how for fifteen years
he had been pigeon-holing a number of disconnected facts, and he
was thinking these things over when his mind went back to his Anglo-Indian
friend. He thought to himself, that man was right. The
key to the problem is credit.
Douglas said, "The people at large had not got sufficient purchasing
power." "I know from my own technical knowledge," said Douglas, "that
there is no production problem in the world at all; that there is no
single thing which, if you will put your money down on the table, you
In his first major work, Economic Democracy, which first appeared
serially in The New Age, starting in June, 1919, Douglas demonstrated
his genius by providing an analysis of the basic problem confronting
mankind which has been progressively confirmed by events. The
editor of The New Age, generally recognised as the most outstanding
English-language literary magazine of the early part of the Twentieth
Century, the brilliant A. R. Orage, told his secretary after meeting
Douglas and agreeing to read the manuscript of Economic Democracy, that
Douglas was either an economic genius or an economic fool.
As he read Economic Democracy far into the night, he became
progressively convinced that Douglas was a genius. This tribute
from a man of Orage's standing, an editor who knew the greatest English
writers of the period, was high praise.
Reflecting upon his impressions of Douglas in an article in the New
York Catholic weekly, Commonweal, in 1926, after he had relinquished
the editorship of The New Age, Orage said: "He had been assistant-director
of the Government aircraft factory during the war; he was a first-rate
engineer; he had encountered financial problems practically as well
as theoretically; and he appeared and proved to be the most perfect
gentleman I have ever met.
His knowledge of economics was extraordinary, and from our very first
conversation everything he said concerning finance in its relation
to industry and, indeed, to industrial civilisation as a whole gave
me the impression of a master-mind perfectly informed upon its special
After years of the closest association with him, my first impression
has only been intensified. In the scores of interviews we had
together with bankers, professors of economics, politicians, and business
men, I never saw him so much as at a moment's loss of complete mastery
of his subject. Among no matter what experts, he made them look
and talk like children.
Maurice Colbourne provided the following personal sketch of Douglas
in Unemployment and War: "What of the man who has sown the seed? A
bespectacled Ishmael with a red beard who prowls round the Bank of
England with a bomb in his pocket? Hardly.
He tells a story of how the Canadian Government must have expected
some such red-tied person when the Opposition invited him to Canada
to give evidence upon the motion before the House of Commons. The
Ministers were taken aback, therefore, when they found an alert, business-like
Scotsman, a cousin of Lord Weir, a Cambridge University man and a gentleman,
cross-examining them and successfully tying them up in knots.
The inquiry ended, and, finding he had a few days to put in before
his boat sailed, his hosts asked Major Douglas what he would like to
do. He replied that, above all things, he would like a few days
fishing. Accordingly he very soon found himself in Toronto in
a shop famous for its trout flies. The proprietor, on leaming
his customer's name, said, "What, not the man who's been giving evidence
in Ottawa before the Government?" And, on being told that Major Douglas
was none other, remarked with a twinkle, "Well, if you really want
some good fishing, I advise you to tell some of the bankers round here
that you're in town, and I'll wager they'll be only too pleased to
offer you fishing a great many miles from anywhere!
and foremost. Douglas is a Scotsman! To look at him, he might
be a gentleman farmer. His steady eyes, and ruddy cheeks, and
jovial personality, are those of a squire. A delightful host,
his hospitality is of a kind rare in these hurried times, a hospitality
in which one basks at ease from the first. And his conversation
matches his wine.
Not that it is sparkling, for this suggests brilliant conversation
for conversation's sake, but, like good wine, it has a bouquet about
it. Living in the country, Douglas is an adept at doing things
for himself, with his own hands. A keen fisherman, as we have
seen, he also sails his yacht single-handed in the Channel off the
coast of France. Then, he laid down his own hard tennis court;
and, just to keep his hand in, constructed an engine, for by profession
Douglas is a civil engineer.
He has what is probably one of the best swept minds functioning today.
It penetrates, too, without effort or conceit, beneath the fashions
and foibles of the times to the permanent things. He will let
drop such a remark as that too much store is set on human life and
not enough on human happiness, as though he were saying he thought
tomorrow would be a fine day.
One of the most revealing word pictures we have of Douglas the man
and his philosophy comes from Mr. L. D. Byme, Douglas's trusted representative
in Alberta during that period when a Government under Williaim Aberhart
was making a genuine attempt to implement Social Credit policies in
the face of centralised power.
"Notwithstanding a mental stature unusual in any society, Douglas's
outstanding characteristic was a profound humility - a humility which
was reflected in his writings and in his life . . . Where others viewed
the world in terms of mankind's struggles and achievements, and society
as the creature of man's brain and behaviour, 'with the realism of
the engineer and the penetrating spirituality of a Medieval theologian,
Douglas saw the Universe as an integrated unity centered in its creation
and centered in its Creator and subject to His Law".
"It was the basis of Douglas's philosophy, of which Social Credit
is the policy, that there is running through the warp and woof of the
Universe the Law of Righteousness - Divine Law - which he termed the
Canon. He must seek it actively, and to the extent that he finds
it and conforms to it, he will achieve harmony with the Universe and
his Creator. Conversely, to the degree that he ignores the operation
of the Canon and flouts it, he will bring disaster upon himself."
It was inherent in Douglas's writings that he viewed society as something
partaking of the nature of an organism which could have 'life and life
abundant' to the extent it was God-centred and obedient to His Canon
... Within it (this organism) the sovereignty of 'God the Creator of
all things visible and invisible' being absolute, there must be full
recognition of the sanctity of human personality, and, therefore, of
the individual person as free to live his life, and within the body
social, to enter into or contract out of such associations as, with
the responsibility to his Creator, he may choose.
And no person may deny another this relationship to God and his fellow
men without committing sacrilege.
This concept, reflecting the ideal of Christendom as the integration
of Church and Society which was the inspiration of European civilisation
for centuries, involves adherence to a policy in every sphere of social
life, economic, political and cultural.
This is the policy which Douglas termed 'Social Credit.'
"Looking out upon the world with a clarity of vision which was unique
in his time, Douglas saw a doomed civilisation committed to the opposite
policy, stemming from a conflicting philosophy, a philosophy which
deified Man and sought to subjugate the world to him."
The true test of science is consistently correct predictions. Genuine
prophets, amongst whom might be counted statesmen, are those who, because
of their understanding of Truth, can see well in advance the consequences
of certain policies if they are persevered with.
In his earliest writings Douglas warned that all attempts to operate
the finance-economic system under the prevailing methods of creating
and issuing financial credit, must result in inflation. The insidious
effects of monetary inflation are destroying Western Civilisation in
the same way that it played a major part in destroying the great Roman
Another of Douglas's colleagues, Dr. Geoffrey Dobbs, has added further
to the picture, of this remarkable man with the following in a short
biographical sketch in the 1974 edition of Economic Democracy:
"After retiring from his engineering career, he and his wife ran a
small yacht-building yard on Southampton Water for several years.
The combination of beauty with functional efficiency in a successfully
designed racing yacht had a special appeal for him. When he lived
in an old water mill in Hampshire he used the water wheel to turn a
dynamo which lit and warmed the house as well as providing power for
lathes and other tools. Later, when he moved to Scotland, many
of his friends and followers remember helping to build his small hydroelectric
power house, sited on the local burn which ran through his land.
Since decentralisation of economic power was of the essence of his
teaching, it should be put on record that he practised what he preached."
One of the most striking features of Economic Democracy Douglas's
first work, one of the greatest historic significance, was that although
it contained barely 25,000 words, a study of it sixty years after it
was first published reveals that Douglas touched upon, either fully
or in principle, every aspect of the vast subject which was subsequently
developed more fully. Like an acorn, which possesses within itself
the potential to develop, under suitable conditions, into a massive
oak tree, Douglas's first work contained the basic ideas which Douglas
later expanded into a vast field encompassing religion, politics. constitutionalism,
history, international affairs and much else.
Just as Christianity is, or should be, concerned with the whole of
man's activities, personal and social, so is Social Credit, growing
out of the Christian philosophy, concerned with an organic whole.
Douglas was a balanced, integrated man, not a "fanatical reformer".
Augustus John, the famous British artist, a close friend of Orage,
commented, "I painted the Major and was impressed by his personal dignity
and charm. Unmoved by obloquy or boycott he stands apart, urbane
and imperturbable. . . "
In a 1933 address, "The Pursuit of Truth", Douglas stressed that his
primary concern was with rightness in all things, that there was running
through the Universe something called a "canon" and that genuine success
only accompanies a consistent attempt to discover and conform to this
canon in no matter what sphere our activities lie."
Douglas was primarily concerned with the law of rightness in all things
for the sake of rightness itself, not because of any personal
At one public meeting Douglas reacted to one critical interjector by
observing that his critic was not obliging him by agreeing or disagreeing,
he was living comfortably under the present system.
Large numbers of people only came to hear of Douglas as a result of
the Great Depression of the thirties, predicted by Douglas at a time
when it was generally believed that the boom conditions associated
with a period of escalating economic expansion would continue indefinitely.
Many Of these people accepted the view that Douglas was the man who
had discovered that the banks create financial credit, and that the
primary purpose of Social Credit was to expand credit to overcome depression
conditions. As Douglas had explained, he had only come to consider
how the credit system worked when faced with the question of how an
economic system could be sustained when, as he had discovered, insufficient
purchasing power was distributed over any given period to meet the
total prices of production for the same period. New credits had
to be created to finance new capital production, credit buying schemes
which enabled consumers to mortgage future wages in order to buy goods
which otherwise could not be sold, or to finance exports.
Intensive export drives must lead to increasing international friction.
As all new credits came into existence as a debt, expanding financial
debt was essential to try to prevent a major economic collapse.
One of the consequences of expanding debt must be higher taxation to
help service the debt. Douglas applied himself to quickly mastering
a thorough understanding of how the banking system operated in the
same way that he examined other questions.
While it is true that the world-wide Social Credit Movement which came
into existence played the major role in publicising how financial credit
is created and destroyed by the banking system, long before Douglas
appeared on the public scene a number of authorities had explained
to select audiences how money was created in the form of financial
or bank credit.
And, of course, those who operated the credit-creating system over
the centuries, were well aware of the enormous power they exercised
- so long as people generally believed that banks only loaned out money
first deposited with them and were generally ignorant about the realities
of a money system.
Irrespective of what form it takes, money is but a man-made symbol
of no value unless real wealth is created. Just so long as sufficient
people can be mesmerised into believing that, for example, a credit
symbol is more important than a pound of butter, they are at the mercy
of those who create and control the symbols. The shadow is more
important than the substance!
It is ironic that one of the charges levelled at Douglas's financial
proposals, is that they would be inflationary, when in fact Douglas
warned from the beginning that all attempts to sustain the economic
system under the prevailing system of credit creation made inflation
inevitable. Douglas predicted the inevitability of the type of
disastrous monetary inflation now playing a major role in producing
growing industrial unrest and social disintegration.
Douglas was a man who learned quickly from his experiences. Talking
to a small group of Social Crediters just prior to Christmas, 1938,
Douglas said: "It is almost exactly twenty years ago that the first
article specifically devoted to our interests was published by Austin
Harrison in The English Review for September, 1918. It
would be a dull man who had devoted twenty years to a subject of this
kind without leaming something, and I think I have learned something
since that time.
When I first started, I had the idea that I had got hold of some specific
technical information and I had only to get it accepted; I had the
idea that I was a clever little boy and that I had only to run to father
and he would be very pleased about it. I got rid of that idea in about
18 months or two years, for very far from anyone wanting to put what
I had to say into operation, it took me about two years to grasp thoroughly
why it was that it was not likely, at the time, to be put into operation.
It was pointed out to me that there were two things to be done at the
same time, outlining the job and getting the job itself done - the
latter a matter of strategy, not of design.
I then grasped that I was in for a political job that was going to
last a lifetime. I developed from that stage into the third stage,
namely, that it was not only going to last my lifetime, but it was
going to last a great many people's lifetime; the knowledge that we
should do no significant part of it unless we touched a great many
aspects of life that were a long way from A plus B. That was the third
idea - 1935-6."
Douglas once recalled how not long after he had published his findings
on the basic defect in the modem finance-economic system, he was asked
by a representative of one of the Wall Street international finance
groups what he proposed to do about obtaining a rectification of the
defect. As Douglas said, at that stage he did not fully appreciate
the fact that his discovery and proposals struck right at the core
of a monopoly whose representatives, so far from relinquishing the
power they already exercised, were determined to protect and increase
Subsequently every effort was made to suppress, or misrepresent and
pervert what Douglas was proposing. The hostile reaction of an
unholy alliance of international bankers, Marxists and various other
groups, including those do-gooders who earnestly claim to know what
is best for the individual, brought into clear relief the fact that
it was the philosophical challenge of Social Credit which was seen
as the major threat by all representatives of the will-to-power.
Douglas was naturally distresed by the retreat from Christian Civilisation
which he so accurately prophesised if financial and economic policies
rooted in a false philosophy were persisted with.
But in his correspondence, conversations and written comments right
up until the time of his death in 1952, he maintained the same balanced
and objective approach to the situation which was a feature of a life
of endeavour devoted to the search for Truth.
Douglas the physical man has been dead for 27 years. But the
Truths he revealed now belong to Eternity. They are essential for the
regeneration of Civilisation, irrespective of how long that regeneration
Those who have grasped those Truths have the responsibility of carrying
the knowledge of them forward into the future.
Social Credit was not only concerned with the principle of individual
freedom, to which many paid lip service, but as a policy contained
concrete proposals for making that principle a reality.
NATURE OF DEMOCRACY"
Douglas realised that those who controlled the credit monopoly were
not going to correct the flaws in its operations, Douglas faced the
reality that those possessing power were not going to relinquish
it unless forced to do so.
Appropriate political action would have to be devised to reverse what
Douglas could see was a policy of distaster. As early as 1924, when
the first edition of Social Credit was published, Douglas was
predicting that Civilisation would inevitably disintegrate unless action
could be taken to reverse the growing centralisation of power.
He warned: "There is, at the moment, no party, group, or individual
possessing at once the power, the knowledge, and the will, which would
transmute the growing social unrest and resentment (now chiefly marshalled
under the crudities of Socialism and Communism) into a constructive
effort, for the regeneration of Society.
This being the case, we are merely witnesses to a succession of rear-guard
actions on the part of the so-called Conservative elements in Society,
elements which themselves seem incapable, or undesirous of genuine
initiative; a process which can only result, like all rear-guard
actions, in a successive, if not successful retreat on the part of
the forces attacked.
While this process is alone active, there seems to be no sound justification
for optimism, but it is difficult to believe that the whole World
is so bereft of sanity that a pause for reflection is too much to
hope for, pending a final resignation to utter catastrophe. "When
that pause occurs mankind will have reached one of those crises which
no doubt have been frequently reached before, but which so far have
failed to avert the fall of humanity back into an era of barbarism
out of which new civilisations have slowly and painfully risen.
"The position will be tremendous in its importance. A comparatively
short period will probably serve to decide whether we are to master
the mighty economic and social machine that we have created, or whether
it is to master us; and during that period a small impetus from a
body of men who know what to do and how to do it, may make the difference
between yet one more retreat into the Dark Ages, or the emergence
into the full light of a day of such splendour as we can at present
only envisage dimly."
The test of true science is correct prophecy. Unfortunately the warnings
and predictions of Douglas came true. The Great Depression of the
thirties, which Douglas predicted. aroused world-wide interest in
his financial proposals. But constructive action was sabotaged by
the outbreak of the Second World War, also predicted by Douglas.
This conflict intensified the process of disintegration and produced
a pattern of events also predicted by Douglas.
One of Douglas's original warnings was that persistence with finance-economic
policies which generated escalating financial debt was certain to
result in further disastrous attempts to halt an inevitable inflation
by plans for still greater centralisation of all power.
Christians are familiar with the saying that fear of the Lord is
the beginning of all wisdom. This can be put another way. Truth is
the great disciplinarian. We ignore Truth at our peril. The truth
about the plight of the world is that we live in the post-Christian
A Civilisation is the incarnation of undergirding values and principles.
When values are destroyed and principles violated, civilisation is
at its end, even though the material structure still stands. No sane
person makes the mistake of looking at the famous architecture of
the Acropolis at Athens and believing that the Greek Civilisation
which produced this art is still alive.
To the extent that Western Civilisation still continues is only possible
because the spiritual and moral capital of the past has not yet been
completely exhausted. But one only has to consider the plight of
the disorientated youth, victims of an insane policy of "full employment"
at a time when the computer has given an even bigger impetus to the
industrial revolution than did the introduction of solar energy via
the steam engine, to realise what the future must be.
Cut off from their own heritage it is not surprising that large numbers
of the youth of Western nations are recruited for political violence,
or turn to drugs and other forms of escapism. Disintegrating Rome
also had a youth revolt problem.
By the time he had concluded his 1934 world tour, during which he
visited Australia, New Zealand, Canada and United States, Douglas
had crystallised his thinking concerning the problem of the type
of realistic political action essential by which individuals could
force a change in the policies of centralisation being imposed upon
them. Douglas presented his first formal concept of political action
in 1934, when he addressed a meeting of Social Crediters at Buxton
England, on The Nature of Democracy.
Douglas warned that all over the world there was an organised campaign
seeking to discredit genuine democracy. Douglas said, "The drive
behind the desire to substitute various forms of dictatorship for
the democratic machine is the desire to employ the forces of the
State to impose the policy of international finance and trustified
industry upon the general population."
The essence of what Douglas proposed was that a mechanism was necessary
whereby the electors could unite to demand results from their parliamentary
representatives, instead of being divided in controversies about
technical methods which not many are competent to assess. In a genuine
economic democracy, which is only possible under a free, competitive
economic system, consumers do not divide themselves into parties
to argue which is the best method of, for example, making shoes.
They use their "money votes" to order what they require, the result
being that both majorities and minorities get what they want.
If it is argued that people may be short of adequate "money votes"
to buy what can be produced, this merely indicates that there is
a flaw in the system of issuing the votes.
In his Buxton address Douglas said, "It is not the business of the
Parliamentary machine to reform, for instance. the financial system.
It is the business of the Parliamentary machine to transmit the desires
of the people for results (which at present the financial system
is not producing) out of the financial system, and to transmit to
the people the names of the individuals who are responsible for the
financial system so, by the exercise of the right of Eminent Domain,
which has undoubtedly been established as vested in the representatives
of the people, they may, if necessary, take steps to remove those
responsible for impeding the will of the people."
Douglas then went on to indicate how electors could be united through
an Electoral Campaign which provided every elector in a political
unit to indicate in writing that he supported a certain policy.
One by one the voters should be asked whether they are in favour
of a larger personal income, with absolute security, via the'National
Dividend' and sufficient information should be placed before them
to show that that is possible ... The electors should then definitely
be asked for a pledge to vote for no candidate who is not prepared
to demand that dividend.
Every sitting Member of Parliament should be notified at a suitable
time of the number of individuals whose support has been obtained,
and whether he is prepared to proceed along certain lines which will
be explained to him, and informed that he will not be supported unless
he is. If any sitting candidate is not willing to give such an assurance,
a new candidate should be nominated.
Although Douglas said that what he suggested "has been sketched only
in outline," it indicated what to many, including those calling themselves
Social Crediters, was even more radical than Douglas's finance-economic
proposals. Many rejected them. Douglas's proposed strategy and tactics
for re-generating genuine democracy, one in which the will of the
electors did prevail, was the logical extension in the political
field of a philosophy which insisted on the supremacy of the individual
over his institutions.
In a number of comments on democracy over the years, Douglas insisted
that it was essential for individuals to insist that governments
belonged to them, that they did not belong to governments. He criticised
the concept of "the supremacy of Parliament," observing that this
was a comparatively modern idea, as was the party system of government,
and a departure from the original concept of limited Constitutional
Government in England.
Unlike orthodox party political activities, which encourage electors
to be passive for three or more years, and then divide them into
warring groups about different methods of implementing the same policies,
Douglas insisted that democracy required that policy initiatives
must come from the electors. Democracy was impossible unless electors
accepted their personal responsibilities.
The Electoral Campaign concept was a means whereby this could be
done. It was not original in concept, as it had been indicated in
a little-known work, The Party System, written early this century
by the well-known historian and poet, Hilaire Belloc and the journalist
Cecil Chesterton, after these two men resigned from the House of
Commons in disgust, refusing to take part any further in what they
saw even then as a type of creeping dictatorship.
What Douglas did was to take an original concept and devise ways
and means of making it practical. On numerous occasions Douglas repudiated
the naive idea that Social Credit was going to be advanced by submitting
it to competitions for power. In an address to British Social Crediters
in 1936, The Approach to Reality, Douglas said that "I regard the
election of a Social Credit party as one of the greatest catastrophes
that could happen." observing that "to elect a Social Credit Party
in this country would be to elect a set of amateurs to direct a set
of very competent professionals. The professionals, I may tell you,
would see that the amateurs got the blame for everything that went
wrong. You must not send candidates to Parliament to be technicians.
You must send candidates to Parliament to impress your will upon
the technicians who already exist. That is the very essence of the
Particularly in New Zealand and Canada, the diversion of Social Credit
into what has been aptly described as "the bog lands of party politics,"
has proved disastrous. This diversion has been skilfully encouraged
by those who understand that once Social Crediters enter the party
political field, they ate inviting subversion. In Australia nothing
has resulted in so much abuse and smearing of the League of Rights,
as the League's attempts to apply Douglas's advice and encourage
electors to unite to elevate their paid political servant into an
Douglas warned that unless effective steps could be taken to bring
parliament under the control of the electors, the constitutional
gains of a thousand years would be progressively eroded.
By the end of the Second World War Douglas was pointing out that
the British only possessed a shell of the constitutional system their
forbears had so painfully evolved, and that salvation depended upon
a retracing of their steps. Some of Douglas's most penetrating writing
concerns the evolution of constitutional developments in England
as a reflection of Christian influence, and is essential reading
for those who wish to participate in a programme of regeneration.
The "bureaucratic despotism" warned about by Lord Hewart, former
Chief Justice of England, after the First World War, was becoming
a reality, not only in Britain but in all English speaking countries,
including the United States, at the end of the Second World War.
In the year of Douglas's death, 1952, the chilling classic, The Passing
of Parliament, by a distinguished British Constitutional authority,
appeared to confirm Douglas's warnings. In the chapter, "The Road
to Moscow," Professor Keeton showed how Parliament was but little
more than a facade behind which a tightening dictatorship was being
established. Twenty years later the position is much worse, with
the individual Member of Parliament almost completely at the mercy
of the party and those who provide the huge funds for modern elections.
Professor Keeton said that "The history of modern political society
is in large measure the history of the struggle of the ordinary citizen
to exercise some influence upon government and of his repeated failures
to achieve that modest ambition. All governments control the governed."
Social Credit in action, the policy of a Christian philosophy, seeks
to challenge and reverse the programme of progressively centralising
power over the individual, and, while political voting still takes
place, to devise ways of using it to breathe life back into the empty
shell mentioned by Douglas. A feature of the perversion of democracy
has been the use of centralised media to bemuse electors with slogans
such as "majority rule."
Commonsense tells us that a majority could not "rule" anything. But
majorities can be created and manipulated to serve the ends of power
lusters. The myth has been created that the more people there are
with the political vote, the more democracy. Thus a world-wide insistence
that the voting age be reduced.
Presumably the Swiss have less democracy than other countries because,
in spite of the fact that the Swiss constitution does provide the
individual with the opportunity to exercise a little more control
over their politicians, there has been a refusal to reduce the vote
In his work Augustus, Lord Tweedsmuir, a former Governor-General
of Canada, refers to "that degeneration of the democratic theory
which imagines that there is a peculiar inspiration in the opinions
of the ignorant." The role of a centralised media in fostering ignorance
was dramatically demonstrated in the 1968 Canadian Federal Elections,
when every effort was made to suppress the carefully documented pro-Communist
background of the relatively unknown Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Even
the Conservative "Opposition" refused to attempt to publicise Trudeau's
background. "Trudeaumania" swept Canada.
Democracy is impossible while a centralised media misinforms. One
of the more practical problems confronting Social Crediters today
is how to create the organisation whereby they can develop their
own independent media. Douglas insisted that genuine democracy, not
contests in mass bribery, was only possible with responsible voting.
His proposals for ensuring that the individual does vote more responsibly,
were elaborated in his latter writings.
The collectivists naturally react violently against any proposals
to make an individual personally responsible for how he votes. What
real value is a secret, irresponsible vote? Supposing each elector
had to register to vote, paying, say, only one dollar. How many would
bother to vote under such conditions? The original Douglas proposal
that electors should unite by signing policy instructions for their
elected representatives was a first step towards open, responsible
voting. Douglas's practical approach to the political problem was
demonstrated with his suggestion that Social Crediters encourage
electors to unite in smaller campaigns to gain experience in how
to use their power.
In Great Britain Ratepayers' Associations and similar bodies canvassed
ratepayers to sign demands that their Municipal Councillors reduce
their rates as a first step towards increasing their purchasing power,
and as an indirect assault on the Credit Monopoly. Some decisive
victories were won where this type of realistic political activity
In Australia before the Second World War a non-Labor 'Government
attempted to impose an unwanted National Insurance scheme. A majority
of people clearly were opposed to the legislation, but the politicians
went ahead. Social Crediters then showed electors how to unite by
drafting a suggested demand letter to the individual Member of Parliament,
telling him that if he did not oppose the legislation his position
was in jeopardy. Initially politicians tried to take no notice, but
when an estimated one and a half million demand letters flooded Canberra,
the will of the electors prevailed. The National Insurance legislation
was not proclaimed, even though passed by Parliament.
The Douglas concept was being increasingly experimented with right
throughout the English-speaking world up until the outbreak of the
Second World War, with a number of outstanding successes. But the
Second World War temporarily ended this type of Social Credit action.
Those who attempted to use it to obtain a more realistic financing
of the war effort were threatened with repressive action. They were
even described as "disloyal."
Today, in a greatly worsened situation, the basic political problem
still confronts Social Crediters. One of Douglas's most scathing
articles was entitled "This Leadership Nonsense," in which he flatly
repudiated any suggestion that he wanted to be the leader of the
Social Credit Movement in any conventional sense. Douglas saw himself
as a servant of those prepared to, take his advice. Douglas developed
this theme further over the years, urging that the true Social Crediter
should see himself as a Social Engineer in society, finding out what
problems were concerning people most, and then offer to assist. He
said, ". . . find out why they (people) are already joining battle
over some objective. If you can, get hold of what already someone
else is doing and help him to get it quicker. . . We have not to
suggest what to do . . . but make it easier to get it done.
In doing this I believe we shall be pursuing a novel method, with
attention to that extremely wise saying, 'If any man would be greatest
among you let him be your servant."
Social Crediters are not interested in obtaining power, even to "do
good" for people, but to help their fellows to increase their own
power. New tactics must be devised to apply basic principle to changing
circumstances. Douglas always stressed the importance of an organic
approach to all Social Credit activities, such an approach being
a reflection of Reality. For this reason he always rejected suggestions
for a Social Credit financial "plan." But on a number of occasions
he put forward policy suggestions to meet circumstances.
While in New Zealand in 1934, Douglas at short notice produced a
policy which, while not designed to implement his Social Credit proposals,
would at least have effectively increased the purchasing power of
the New Zealand people. When the Second World War started he produced
his tax-bond proposals which in essence suggested that if banks could
obtain interest-bearing war bonds by creating credit, then taxpayers
should also receive interest-bearing tax bonds in exchange for their
financial contributions in the form of taxes. A study of all proposals
put forward by Douglas reveals a consistent attempt to work from
the underlying principal that these proposals should increase the
power and independence of the individual. Social Credit activity
is designed to reduce the power of Government. This automatically
increases the power of the individual.
Douglas observed that a problem
correctly stated is already half solved. The starting point for solving
the problems of human beings must be to ask the question, "What is
the purpose of man himself, and of his activities?" The basic problem
is, therefore, philosophical.
Douglas implicitly accepted the Christian philosophy when he wrote:
"The group exists for the benefit of the individual, in the same sense
that the field exists for the benefit of the flower, or the tree for
the fruit. . . Christ's famous rejoinder to the Pharisees, that "the
Sabbath was made for men, and not man for the Sabbath", clearly revealed
Christ's concern with the supreme value of the individual. Christ's
revelation paved the way to free the individual from the domination
of the group or the system.
Examining this question more closely in 'The Realistic Position of
The Church of England', Douglas stressed that a genuinely Christian
society is one in which power is effectively in the hands of the individual
members of that society, who are then in the position to make free
choices, accepting of course, personal responsibility for the choices
made. The purpose of the antiChrist, Douglas warned, was to force man
into bigger and more highly centralised groups in which man's most
Divine attribute, his creative initiative, is killed. Highly centralised
groups are mobs and the main feature of a mob is its susceptibility
to fear and hysteria. A mob is mindless and therefore sub-human. Perhaps
we have missed the meaning of Christ's promise that when two or three
are gathered together in His name, there will the divine spirit prevail?
One of the most illuminating statements made by Douglas, one which
reveals his proper humility in the search for Truth, was that the rules
of the Universe transcend human thinking, and that if the individual
wished to live in a world of harmony, he should make every endeavour
to discover those rules and then obey them. Douglas did not say how
things ought to work; we are trying "to release reality" he said, in
order that things can work in accordance with their own nature. Douglas
warned that passing laws indefinitely in an attempt to make systems
work in defiance of reality, could only complicate the defects in these
As Douglas stressed on numerous occasions, much of the attack on Social
Credit has been designed to misrepresent it as a type of discredited
monetary scheme. Referring to this in 'Whose Service is Perfect Freedom,'
Douglas said, the first book on what has since come to be known as
Social Credit, 'Economic Democracy'.... was concerned almost wholly
with the proposition that centralisation of power over initiative as
opposed to individual freedom is a persistent and conscious policy
. . . every effort has been made to obscure this fundamental issue."
When Douglas first made his discoveries concerning the finance-economic
system, it was still reasonable to assume that the Christian philosophy.
with its stress on freedom, and the rights of the individual, was widely
accepted, even if obscured and misrepresented. But as the drive to
centralise all power intensified with a growing stress on the necessity
for central planning, eventually leading to global planning and the
creation of a World State, the essence of the Christian concept was
progressively eroded. As Douglas put it, the anti-Christ was in the
Reacting as the realist he was, he devoted his talents to dealing with
the question of philosophy and religion, stressing that the financial
and economic aspects of Social Credit could not be considered in the
absence of their philosophical roots. In one of his most important
addresses on the essence of Social Credit, 'The Policy of a Philosophy',
given at a Social Credit Conference in London on June 26 1937, Douglas
said that so far from being merely a scheme of monetary reform,
"Social Credit is the policy of a philosophy. It is something based
upon what you profoundly believe ... to be a portion of reality. It
is probably a very small portion, but we have glimpsed a portion of
reality, and that conception of reality is a philosophy, and that policy
is Social Credit."
In the same address, Douglas said, "In the sense that I am going to
use it, and, I think, correctly, the word religion has to do with a
concept of reality. It is the binding back of action, or of Policy.
. . to reality."
Douglas warned that it is futile to argue with people about the techniques
of Social Credit when they do not agree with the philosophy of Social
Credit. The late Sir David Kelly, author of a profound philosophical
work, The Hungry Sheep, and a distinguished British Ambassador to Moscow,
told once of how a popular-style English daily requested him to write
a series of articles on Communism, but insisted that there be no reference
to philosophy, as its readers would not be interested in this.
But as Sir David Kelly said, how can one understand Communism without
grasping the fact that Marxist policies are rooted in a philosophy
known as dialectical materialism. Marx claimed that matter was the
only reality, and that matter developed through the clash of opposites.
Man was but matter in motion. If this view of reality is accepted then
it is logical for Communists to regard themselves as higher animals
with the right to treat fellow human beings as mere raw material to
be controlled - or destroyed.
What men believe governs what they do. Marxists place great stress
on the necessity of linking theory and practice. Douglas insisted that
Social Credit could not be achieved unless sufficient individuals not
only held the Christian view concerning the nature of reality but then
took appropriate action to release that reality.
Douglas said that even if millions of people grasped the facts about
the creation of financial credit and believed that Social Credit as
a policy would work successfully, this would be irrelevant unless appropriate
action was taken. You do not become a good cricketer by merely reading
books on cricket, Douglas said. You must go down to the nets and practise.
Social Crediters must do likewise and in the process learn how to become
more effective in encouraging their fellows also to take action. It
was only natural that those whose only understanding of Social Credit
was that it was merely some type of credit-expansion scheme for overcoming
the conditions of the Great Depression, should believe that all that
was necessary was for Governments to nationalise the banks, thus breaking
the "private credit monopoly."
Douglas was not primarily concerned with the private monopoly of credit
creation, but with the monopoly itself. Nationalising the banks merely
changed the name over the doors without changing policies. And a Government
monopoly can be even worse than a private monopoly, sheltering behind
the facade that it has been "democratically elected."
Criticising those money reformers who urged that the State should create
all money and spend much of it on "public works," Douglas said that
this was a proposal to return to the philosophy of the Divine Right
of Kings, observing that Parliament had been created primarily for
the purpose of making the Government, at that stage the Monarch, dependent
upon money granted by the representatives of the taxpayer.
The credit of a society belongs to the individual members of that society,
and Governments should have to come to individuals for required credits
in the same way that a company is dependent upon shareholders for its
share capital. A State Monopoly of credit creation and issue is one
of Karl Marx's ten steps for Communising a State. This policy is an
expression of a philosophy diametrically opposed to the Philosophy
of Social Credit.
Douglas said that the proper role of the State is to distribute dividends
to individuals. The individual must be free to decide how best to use
his own credit.
During the Great Depression of the thirties, when Marxism was making
an enormous appeal to large numbers of desperate people, Stalin's colleague,
Molotov, made the comment to the "Red" Dean of Canterbury, Dr. Hewlett
Johnson, that the Soviet leaders knew all about Social Credit and that
it was the only movement they feared. Relating a revealing experience
he had with the famous Fabian Marxist leader, Sidney Webb. Douglas
said that after he had effectively disposed of all the arguments against
the practicability of his proposals, he was confronted with the real
objection to those proposals: Webb said that he did not like the purpose
of the proposals, the purpose being to free the individual from the
domination of those exercising power over him.
What Douglas did was to bring a new strategy and tactics to an age-old
problem, the struggle by the individual to defend himself against all
manifestations of the will-to-power. With the precision of the trained
engineer he analysed the basic defects in the finance-economic system.
Some of his most brilliant comment deals with the true purpose of man
and the threat to that purpose by the advocates of centratised power
using financial, economic and political institutions to enslave. One
of his most brilliant revelations was that the true purpose of production
was consumption, and that the policy of "full employment"
was in defiance of the progress of the industrial arts, which made
it possible for the genuine requirements of the individual to be provided
with progressively less labour.
Nothing caused so much bitter opposition to Douglas than his observation
that so far from labour creating all wealth, the major factor in modern
production was the use of solar energy in various forms to drive automatic
and semi-automatic machinery, and that as the individual was an heir
to a cultural heritage, he was morally entitled to a type of dividend.
Such a policy was contrary to the carefully-fostered view that the
individual could not be trusted with the type of freedom which Douglas
had demonstrated was both practical and desirable. Opposition to the
principle of a dividend based upon an inheritance was a manifestation
of the will-to-power philosophy.
AND THE JEWISH QUESTION
In his examination of the problems
afflicting Civilisation, and the philosophies of those imposing policies
of centralising power, Douglas was forced to agree with what many
other eminent students of human affairs had asserted: There was a
"Jewish Problem" with its roots deep in history.
Although Douglas's comments on the problem were in his usual objective
style, the smear was spread that after becoming frustrated and disillusioned
because his financial proposals were not more readily accepted, Douglas
then "used the Jews as a scapegoat."
Allegedly he became "paranoic" about the question, but both Douglas's
writings and those who knew him intimately attested to the fact that
Douglas remained an integrated individual until the time of his death.
So far from seizing upon the "Jewish Problem" in his later years. Douglas
had raised the question in 1924 in his book 'Social Credit'. In the
chapter. "Relation of The Group to The Individual," Douglas dealt with
the danger to human personality by elevating the group over the individual,
and then said: "No consideration of this subject would be complete
without recognising the bearing upon it of what is known as the Jewish
Question, a question rendered doubly difficult by the conspiracy of
silence which surrounds it. At the moment it can only be pointed out
that the theory of rewards and punishment is Mosaic in origin, that
finance and law derive their main inspiration from the same source,
and that countries such as pre-war (First World War) Germany and post-war
Russia, which exhibit the logical consequences of unchecked collectivism.
have done so under the direct influence of Jewish leaders."
" Of the Jews themselves, it may be said that they exhibit the
race-consciousness idea to an extent un-approached elsewhere, and it
is fair to say that their success in many walks of life is primarily
due to their adoption to an environment which has been moulded in conformity
with their own ideal. That is as far as it seems useful to go and there
might be a great deal to be said on the other side. It has not yet,
I think, been said in such a way as to dispose of the suggestion, which
need not necessarily be an offensive suggestion, that the Jews are
the protagonists of collectivism in all its forms, whether it is camouflaged
under the name of Socialism, Fabianism, or 'big business,' and that
the opponents of collectivism must look to the Jews for an answer to
the indictment of the theory itself.
It should in any case be emphasised that it is the Jews as a group,
and not as individuals, who are on trial, and that the remedy, if one
is required, is to break up the group activity."
Sixteen years later. in 'Whose Service is Perfect Freedom' (1940).
Douglas wrote: "if I have, for my own part, come to believe that there
is a fundamental relationship, between the troubles which afflict Europe
and what is known as the Jewish Problem, I have formed the opinion,
with reluctance, and only after close consideration both of facts and
of less tangible evidence." There is a vast literature, extending over
thousands of years, concerning the "Jewish Question,"
with some of the most important contributions coming from Jews like
the distinguished Dr. Oscar Levy, who wrote that :
"The Question of the Jews and their influence on the world, past and
present, cuts to the root of all, things and should be discussed by
every honest thinker."
In his book, The Jews, (first edition 1922) the famous Catholic writer
Hilaire Belloc wrote,
"The Jewish problem is one to which no true parallel can be found,
for the historical and social phenomenon which has produced it is unique....
It is a problem which cannot be avoided, nor even lessened (as can
some social problems), by an healing, effect of time; for it is increasing
before our eyes. It must be met and dealt with openly and now."
In his classic work, Anti-semitism, (first edition 1894) the Jewish
scholar Bernard Lazare observed,
"in as much as the enemies of the Jews belonged to diverse races, as
they dwelled far apart from one another, so that they could not possibly
judge alike of any subject, it must needs be that the general causes
of antisemitism have always resided in Israel itself, and not in those
who antagonised it."
Western Europe Civilisation was a partial incarnation of Christianity.
Its culture was a reflection of Christian values. Jews quite logically
reacted against that culture because it was completely alien to them.
A Christian cannot begin to understand the real nature of the "Jewish
Problem" until he understands that there is a basic cleavage between
Christianity and Judaism.
The Jewish writer, A. Memmi, wrote frankly as follows in his book,
'Portrait Of A Jew' (1962)
"Do Christians realise what the name of Jesus, their God can mean to
a Jew? For a Christian, even an atheist it evokes, or at least has
evoked at some time, a being infinitely good, who offers himself as
The Good, who desires at least to carry on the torch of all bygone
philosophies and all morals. For the Christian who is still a believer,
Jesus epitomises and fulfils the better part of himself . . . To the
Jew who still believes and professes his own religion, Christianity
is the greatest theological and metaphysical usurpation in history;
it is a spiritual scandal, a subversion and blasphemy. To all Jews,
even if they are atheists, the name of Jesus is the symbol of a threat
not surprisingly, in the United States, where there is a large number
of Jews and Jewish influence is strong, Jews have been leaders in a
long campaign to keep all Christian activities, including the singing
of Christmas carols, out of the public schools."
Douglas went to the core of the "Jewish Question" in the following
comment in 'Whose Service Is Perfect Freedom': "Everything of which
we have knowledge is relative. The fact that the Dark Forces seem to
be in the ascendant is a proof that they are temporarily in the ascendant
over something else. You cannot have light without shade, you cannot
know what anything is, if you don't know what it is not. It is just
as certain as anything can be in this uncertain world, that Christianity
is not a Plan, it is a Philosophy which we have hardly begun to grasp.
As such, it must have a policy. That policy was and is rejected by
the Jews, consequently it cannot be a Jewish Policy. That is to say,
Jewish Policy is what Christianity is not.
What is Jewish Policy? That is much easier to answer, because the present
state of the world is the result of it. The short answer is, 'Power
Politics -- The Servile State'."
As all policies are rooted in 'philosophies', it is not surprising
to find that Jews have played a prominent role in collectivist and
power activities subverting Christian societies. The distinguished
Jewish author, Dr. Alfred Nossig, wrote in his 'Intergrades Judentum';
"The modern Socialist movement is in great part the work of the Jews,
who impress on it the mark of their brains ... The present world socialism
forms the first step of the accomplishment of Mosaism, the start of
the realisation of the state of the world announced by our prophets
. . . It is only a League of Nations penetrated with the Socialist
spirit that will render possible for us the enjoyment of our international
necessities, as well as our national ones."
In The Social Crediter of February 7, 1948, Douglas elaborated on the
relationship of Social Credit to the 'Jewish Problem.'
"We believe that there is a small number - loyal and valued members
of our public - who, although, because their loyalty, they accept our
views on certain aspects of the Jewish race, yet have an idea that
these are an excrescence on 'Social Credit' and, they feel, might have
been left unnoticed. We are not concerned with the reactions of the
crypto-Communists and their accusations 'anti-Semitism', 'racism',
'negative criticism' and other catchwords - but we are ready at all
times to explain to our friends what we recognise as a very excusable
failure of comprehension.
Perhaps the simplest way in which to deal with this matter is to enunciate
1 Both Judaism and Social Credit are rooted in philosophies. Even in
the case of non-orthodox Jews, race and philosophy are inseparable.
Heine refers to Judaism as the portable Fatherland.
2 Social Credit is Christian, not primarily because it was designed
to be Christian, but because it was painstakingly 'dis' (un) -covered
reality. If Christianity is not real, it is nothing. it is not "true",
it is not Truth. "Ye shall know the Truth, and the'Truth shall
make you free"
3. Judaism is implacably anti-Christian, and it is, by definition,
an Incarnate Lie. "Ye do the deeds of your father . . . he is a liar,
and the father of it.".
4. Both philosophies have a policy and these policies cannot live together.
The Founder of Christianity was quite unequivocal on the question. "I
came not to bring peace, but a sword."
It is remarkable that many people who complain of the suppression of
vital information by the press and Broadcasting Agencies, will resent
the exposure of Jewish policy, even if the exposure is merely the publication
of statements made by Jews themselves.
Douglas observed that the practical problem to be faced was militant,
not intellectual. Mere conversion to an understanding of the credit
swindle of itself leads nowhere. People must know who is preventing
effective rectification and who benefits most from a continuation of
Douglas concluded: "For all these reasons and others, we conceive it
to be our vocation to indicate, without prejudice but without favour,
those whom we conceive to be the enemies of our culture and ideals,
to unmask their aims. It does not make a cheerful story; many people
would prefer to escape into Utopia, just as 'the workers' have been
hypnotised into the Utopia which is spreading over Eastern Europe;
but it is our conception of Reality at this time, and only from Reality
can you proceed to Realisation."
As the central feature of Social Credit policy is the principle of
the individual receiving a dividend based upon the cultural heritage,
it is not surprising that Jews have been to the forefront in attacks
upon Social Credit.
In a comment in The Social Crediter of March 13,1948, Douglas referred
to a revealing quotation from a review of the work of the historian
Wernher Sombart by Dr. Jacob Fromer in 'Die Zukunft' of October 28,
Fromer observed that "Nothing in the Jewish religion is done for nothing,"
commenting that it is "diametrically opposed to the Christian doctrine
of unearned grace."
The same opposition to the doctrine of unearned grace is expressed
in the Communist view that the principle of inheritance should be abolished.
As with other Jewish revolutionaries, who became atheists, Marx advocated
policies rooted in the Judaic philosophy.
Bernard Lazare, writing in 'Antesemitism', answered the objection that
the Jewish, revolutionary who turns atheists ceases practically to
be a Jew. Lazare wrote:
"The objection may be raised that, in joining the ranks of revolution,
the Jew as a rule, turns atheist, and ceases practically to be a Jew.
This, however, is true only in, the sense that the children, of the
Jewish radical, lose themselves more easily in the surrounding population,
and that as a result the Jewish revolutionist is more easily assimilated.
But as a general thing, the Jew, even the extreme Jewish radical, can
not help retaining his Jewish characteristics, and though he may have
abandoned all religion and all faith, he has none the less received
the impress of the national genius acting through hereditary and early
training. This is especially true of those Jews who lived during the
earlier half of the nineteenth century, and on whom Heinrich Heine
and Karl Marx may serve as fitting examples."
Heine, who in France was regarded as a German and was reproached in
Germany with being French, was before all things a Jew . . . The only
philosophy that ever really attracted him was pantheism, a doctrine
which seemed to come naturally to the Jewish philosopher who in speculating
upon the unity of God by, instinct transforms it into a unity of substance.
His sensuosness, that sad and voluptuous sensuosness of the Intermezzo,
is purely oriental, and has its source, in the Song of Songs. The same
is true of Marx. The descendant of a long line of rabbis and teachers
he inherited the splendid powers of his ancestors. He had that clear
Talmudic mind which does not falter at petty difficulties of fact.
He was a Talmudist devoted to sociology and applying his native power
of exegesis to the criticism of economic theory. . . . Marx was not
merely a logician, he was, also a rebel, an agitator, an acrid controversalist,
and he derived his gift for sarcasm and invective, as Heine did, from
his Jewish ancestry." As Lazate indicates. Jews are Orientals.
Writing in 'Programme for The Third World War' (1943) Douglas commented:
"Such ideas as 'fairness', 'decency' and what we call the realistic
Christian virtues, convey nothing to the Oriental as such. Perhaps
I might with advantage observe ... that many Orientals compare very
favourably with many Europeans on every ground. That does not invalidate
the main contention, which is that the Oriental has virtues of his
own, but they are not in the main the same virtues of those of the
In a further clarification of this question Douglas observed that the
day-to-day behaviour and family life of many Jews compared more than
favourably with that of non-Jews. But Douglas came back to the fundamental
philosophic and religious cleavage between Christianity and Judaism.
Once this is grasped, no one should be surprised to note the attraction
of collectivism and power movements for the great majority of Jews.
All policies are rootcd in philosophies. It is impossible to get Christian
figs from Judaic thistles.
Commenting on the Jewish Question and "religious freedom," Douglas
said in a letter (July 27, 1939) to Mr. Ralph Duclos, prominent Canadian
Social Crediter, that "certain philosophies may constitute a social
danger. I consider . . . that the 'chosen race' philosophy of the Jews
with the idea that the whole world is destined to be ruled by a Jewish
Junta, and the idea that there is one morality as between Jews and
no limitations of morality in the dealing of a Jew with a non-Jew,
comes under the category of anti-social and seditious propaganda."
In his great classic, 'The Iron Curtain Over America', the American
historian and former intelligence expert, Dr. John Beaty, documents
how the dominating influence in American collectivist movements has
been Jewish, with a big percentage of those engaged it treacherous
and revolutionary activities also being Jews.
Nathaniel Weyl. himself a former Communist and a Jew, demonstrates
in his book 'The Jew In American Politics,' (Arlington House. U.S.A.,
1968) that the Jewish voting pattern in the U.S.A. from 1932 onwards
had demonstrated overwhelming Jewish support for politicians espousing
collectivist causes. Even Barry Goldwater, who is proud of ' his Jewish
ancestry, was strongly rejected by Jewish voters in the 1964 American
Presidential Elections. He was considered too ..right-wing."
Christianity stresses the value of each separate individual, and the
importance of personal responsibility for one's behaviour. Malcolm
Muttgeridge, wrote in 'Chronicles of Wasted Time' (1972),
"Was it not two bourgeois Jews ... Freud and Marx who undermined the
whole basis of Western European civilisation as no avowedly insurrectionary
movement ever has or could, by promoting the notion of determinism,
in the one case in morals, in the other in history, thereby relieving
individual men and women of all responsibility for their personal and
"By their fruits ye shall know them," said the Founder of Christianity.
The only realistic approach to the basic teachings of Christ is to
assess their impact on history when applied. Douglas said "that
which works best is moral." It partakes of Truth.
The lessons of history show conclusively that Christianity does work
successfully when the Truths of Christianity are applied. Traditional
Christian philosophy has always insisted that God reveals Himself through
history; through the continuous application of policies - economic,
financial, political and social - rooted in philosophies.
The very chaos of today's world is a demonstration of God's power;
that God does not permit a violation of His truths to take place without
a price being paid. The disintegration of Civilisation is not sin in
itself; it is the wages of sin. The individual defies God's truths
at his own peril.
Douglas stressed the importance of the historical approach to Christianity,
pointing out in 'The Realistic Position of The Church of England',
"The business of the Church in politics is to be the Authority on the
Mills of God, which are, of course, inter alia, Political Principles
which can be checked like any other genuine Laws, by their observed
operation over a sufficient period of time. It is this latter fact
which has inspired the falsification of history..." (Emphasis in original).
The historical approach to Christianity is much more satisfactory than
sterile debates concerning interpretations of what obviously are imperfect
records prepared many years after Christ's crucifixion by men who had
not known Christ personally. It is generally beIieved that the Gospel
of St. Mark was the first compiled,about 65 A.D. although some suggest
it could have been prepared at an earlier date.
By this time the great Apostles Peter and Paul, and probably all of
the earlier Christian leaders had been martyred. Scholars have debated
for years the exact manner in which The New Testament was compiled,
but the historical record shows that once Christianity had freed itself
from the Judaic influences which surrounded its origin, it moved Westwards,
the role of the Greeks being of major importance.
It was in Western Europe that Christianity was the decisive force in
producing a new type of Civilisation. The Greek philosophers had struggled
with the problem of how to make individual liberty a reality, while
the Romans provided man with a firm concept of the Rule of Law. But
it was the Christian teaching about man as a special Divine creature
which gave the human person a significance unknown outside Western
Now man saw himself as part of a cosmic spiritual drama and so felt
that he had the power, derived from God, to shape history. Christianity
was a religion of hope, encouraging the development of man's creative
spirit. But as frankly admitted by a number of Jewish authorities,
the Christian concept of the Divine nature of every individual and
the universal appeal of Christianity which says that all individuals
may enter the Kingdom of God, is anathema to those who accept the
"Chosen Race" teaching of Judaism.
Douglas said that the real meaning
of Christ's teachings, with their promise of freeing the individual
in a manner never before understood, were still, after two thousand
years, being smothered. It is true that we have an imperfect record
of those teachings in the Gospels, but the early Church Fathers were
satisfied that the Gospels they selected for the New Testament did
contain the basic teachings of Christ.
Two thousand years of history have demonstrated that when those teachings
have been applied, they clearly reflect Truth. Unfortunately, however,
the real meaning of those teachings has tended to be distorted by the
constant claim that Christianity was but a continuation of Judaism.
Large numbers of Christians uncritically accept references to their
"Judaeo-Christian heritage". Judaism being equated with Christianity
in flat disagreement with what Christ said and the violent, Jewish
rejection of His message.
Douglas referred to Jewish philosophy as that of the one-way street.
The Talmud teaches that non-Jews may be subjected to fraud and treated
differently from Jews.
In the Zionist State of Israel the conversion of a Jew to another religion,
particularly Christianity, automatically excludes that person from
the Jewish community. Jews are leading exponents of the "pluralist
society" in other countries, but fiercely oppose such a society in
The establiishment of the State of Israel in 1948 was achieved by the
use of the type of murderous terror since complained about when used
aaainst Israel. Driving the Palestinians from the home they had lived
in for two thousand years has been justified on the ground that the
Jews are divinely ordained to return to the "promised land".
They have been supported by large numbers of Christians who are unaware
that apart from other considerations, the overwhelming majority of
Jews are, as shown in The Jewish Encyclopaedia and the writings of
distinguished Jewish historians like Professor H. Graetz (History of
the Jews), descendants from the Khazars, a Turkish-Mongoloid people
converted to Judaism on the instructions of King Bulan in the 7th century.
When the famous author Arthur Koestier, himself of Jewish background,
thoroughly documented the story of the Khazars in his book, 'The Thirteenth
Tribe', there were attempts either to smear the author or to argue
that the racial background of modern Jews was relatively unimportant.
The alleged persecution of Jews over the centuries, Christians generally
being charged with being the most guilty, is justification for the
establishment of a Jewish State.
In spite of the fact that since the publication of Dr. A. R. Butz's
scholarly and meticulously documented work, 'The Hoax Of The Twentieth
Century', there is no longer any doubt that the story of the gassing
of six million Jews by the Germans is a carefully fostered myth by
Zionist propagandists and their dupes, the myth is used constantly
in an attempt to stifle rational discussion of the "Jewish Question".
As the great majority of Jews of the world have no intention of going
to Israel to live, the establishment of the Zionist State of Israel
must be seen as but a step in what one Zionist frankly described as
a "far flung plan." The rank and file of Jews are regarded by their
leaders as the expendable raw material of their power plans. The "Chosen
Race" doctrine is essential to further those plans.
Perhaps the most telling aspect of the campaign to pervert Christianity
is the claim that as Christ Himself was a Jew, no Christian should
criticise Jews. As a study of history shows, the term Jew evolved over
the centuries from the term Judean. It was the famous Jewish historian
Flavius Josephus who coined the term Judaism. But Judaism was but another
term for the religious system known as Pharisaism.
To describe Christ as a Jew in the sense that during His lifetime he
was a Judean who practised a form of religious worship known as Pharisaism,
is completely false and blasphemous. The Gospels record that Christ
denounced the Pharisees and their religious system.
Dr. W. R. Inge, the distinguished Dean of St. Paul's, London, for many
"In speaking of the Jewish element in Christianity, it must be remembered
that the cradle of our faith was not Judea, but Galilee, and that the
Galileans had probably hardly a drop of Jewish blood in their veins.
They were tolerated by the Jews in consideration of their strict and
almost fanatical orthodoxy, while the heretical Samaritans, who were
probably nearer to them in race, were detested; but the Jew never looked
upon the Galilean as a member of his own tribe. Judea itself was perhaps
the last place in the world from which the religion of the Graeco-Roman
Empire could have sprung."
Christ was generally known during His ministry as 'Jesus of Nazareth'
or 'The Galilean.' Never once did He refer to His birthplace as 'Bethlehem
A close reading of the Gospel of St. John makes it clear that Christ
did not believe that He had been born in Judea. The Galileans were
a completely different type of people from the Judeans, a result of
When Sargon of Syria crushed Israel in 722 or 721 B.C., only the tribe
of Judea was left, Galilee being swept clean with Sargon re-populating
the area with people from various parts of his wide dominions. His
most fearsome troops were the horsemen known as the Scythians who came
from the country now known as Russia.
Anthropologists (see 'The Maker's of Civilisation' by L. A. Waddell,
L.L.D., C.B., C.I.E.) believe that the founders of civilisation were
the white-skinned people, the lndo-Europeans or Caucasions, as they
are called, who moved from the area east of the Volga southwards towards
the warmer climate. These northern whites were responsible for the
Sumerian Civilisation which penetrated into much of what today is called
the Middle East, including Egypt.
Another European influence, at a much later date, on the population
of Galilee was the wandering Gauls who split off from the army of Brennus
in 278-77 B.C. Then in 164 B.C. when Simon Maccabee removed some Jewish
infiltration out of Galilee back to Judea, Galilee was again completely
The strong antipathy between the Galileans and the Judeans helped the
Galileans to retain their own identity from then onwards beyond the
time of Christ. The Jewish historian Josephus, Governor of Gailee 50
years after the Crucifixion of Christ, makes clear that there were
basic differences between the Galileans and the Judeans.
As recorded in The Talmud, intermarriage was not permitted. The verdict
of history leaves no doubt that if Christ is referred to as the Son
of Man, He was a Galilean, not a Jew. The traditional pictures of Christ
have always portrayed Him as of fair complexion with blue eyes. The
development of Christianity owed more to the Greek influence than it
did to the forerunner of Judaism, Pharisaism.
The New Testament references to the Decapolis, or Eastern Galilee do
not give an adequate picture of its dominating Greek character. The
Greek influence in the region started with the soldiers of Alexander
the Great from 382 B.C. onwards. Under the Romans the Decapolis saw
a flowering of Greek culture in its highest forms. The Romans ruled
the region through the Greek language. Greek names were used, as witnessed
by the names of most of Christ's disciples.
It is almost certain that Christ and His disciples knew Greek.
Writing in his Historical 'Geography of the Holy Land', George Adam
"The Decapolis was flourishing in the time of Christ's ministry. Gadara
with her temples and her amphitheatres, with her arts, her games and
her literature, overhung the lake of Galilee and the voyages of her
fishermen. A leading Epicurean of the previous generation, the founder
of the Greek anthology, some of the famous wits of the day, the reigning
emperor's tutor, had all been bred within sight of the homes of the
writers of the New Testament. We have ample proof that the Kingdom
of God came forth in no obscure corner, but in the very face of the
kingdom of this world."
Irrespective of where Christ had appeared, He was faced with the problem
of how to detach himself from all local influences in order that His
universal message for all mankind could be presented. And yet He had
to work through the culture and institutions of the world in which
He emerged. He would have been faced with the same situation if He
had appeared in Persia, Greece or Rome.
Without making use of the culture and traditions of the world in which
He grew up, how could Christ communicate His message to His Disciples
so that they in turn could carry it to the whole world?
Christ was well versed in the teachings of Judaism, and the works of
the Jewish prophets, but in referring to them insisted that there was "a
more excellent way."
Christ entered the Synagogues, not because He accepted any part of
Judaism, but because they were at that time a type of local public
forum where He could preach His Message. The Jewish leaders so feared
that message that they plotted to have Christ crucified. Christ's denunciation
of these leaders was couched in language which today would have Him
called before some "race relations" or "anti-discrimination board."
"Woe to you, scribes and pharisees, hypocrits! for you cleanse the
outside of the cup and of the plate, but inside they are full of extortion
and rapacity . . . Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrits! for
you are like whitewashed tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but
within they are full of dead men's bones and uncleanness. So you also
outwardly appear righteous to men, but within you are full of hypocrisy
and iniquity . . . You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you going
to escape being sentenced to hell?"
Although it is an historical fact that the Jewish hierachy rejected
Christ's revelations of reality, of God, the essential nature of Christ's
teaching has been distorted by those who have failed to understand
that Christ had to use a method of expression suitable for Eastern
A limited culture and the Judaic influence made it difficult for Christ's
disciples to grasp the principles He sought to teach. Thus the use
of parables to encourage consideration of an illustration of a principle.
It is obvious that many have missed the primary meaning of the principle
illustrated in the parable, while others have failed to grasp that
the statement of a principle does not of itself indicate how the principle
should he applied in all circumstances.
Nothing so dramatically demonstrated the fundamental cleavage between
Christ's teachings and the institutionalism and legalism of Judaism
than Christ's reaction to the charge that He had been violating the
"The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath."
The Christian view therefore insists that all institutions exist to
serve the individual.
In his first book "Economic Democracy", Douglas left no doubt that
he implicitly accepted the Christian concept: "Systems were made for
men, and not men for systems, and the interest of man, which is self-development,
is above all systems."
Douglas later stressed that this truth also applied to legal systems.
In his 'Merchant of Venice' the great English writer Shakespeare brought
out the contrast between the Christian concept of law, which gave rise
to English Common Law and the Judaic stress through Shylock on the
letter of the law as distinct from the spirit of the law.
Christ challenged a religious system of a kind which sought to govern
the life of the individual down to every detail. A reading of The Talmud
explains why so many Jews are attracted to central planning, irrespective
of what label it carries.
Christ understood the Law of the Jewish prophets and Jewish traditions.
But He did not appeal to them to establish His authority. When He asked
his disciples. "But Who say ye I am?" It was the outspoken Peter who
said, "Thou art Christ, the Son of the Living God." Peter was
warmly praised for his answer. Christ rejected the suggestion that
He was the Jewish Messiah who would lead a revolt against the Roman
He taught that God's will should be done on earth. But how? He did
not teach subjection to a distant Deity, an external authority, but
to an interior one. The Kingdom of God was within each individual.
Christ knew that He was of God, was in direct touch with the Father,
and that through His teachings and examples all men could come to know
of God within themselves.
Christ was the great example, the Light of the World, demonstrating
in His life complete harmony between principle and practice. He criticised
the Scribes and Pharisees "because you shut the kingdom of heaven against
men, for you neither enter yourselves, nor allow those who would enter
to go in."
The Founder of Christianity directed His most biting invective against
that legalistic and juristic habit of mind of priests and scribes who
made the Word of God of no effect by their traditions. The qualities
which Christ manifested in His life were a sense of freedom, balance,
courage, initiative, simplicity. These qualities were displayed in
a man unique in the history of human affairs.
Realistic Christianity is not possible unless the dangerous myth of
"Judaeo-Christianity" is rejected.
Writing in 'The Big Idea' Douglas said
"it is necessary to face up to the fact of institutionalised Judaeo-Cbristianity
. . . which is simply Liberal Judaism. I repeat my belief, not only
that Christianity has not failed because it has not been tried, but
that it has not been tried mainly because Judeao-Christianity has taken
care that it should not be tried."
Jewish spokesmen have been very frank about the "Judaeo-Christian"
myth. For example, Rabbi Howard Singer writing in The Saturday Evening
Post, U.S.A., as quoted in the March, 1979 issue of Behind The News,
South Africa, said
"But all that talk about 'Judaeo-Christian tradition' is one of the
most successful public relations triumphs of the century . . . But,
as a Jew, and a Rabbi, obviously I don't accept that view. I don't
see Christianity as the exquisite culmination of a long and painful
evolution-, I see Christianity, to use Santayana's phrase, as a 'paganisation'
of monotheism, something with which I can have no real sense of kinship."
The end result of the Judaic concept of monotheism is monopoly. The
Christian concept of unity through diversity is reflected in the Doctrine
of the Trinity. Douglas directed attention to the Athanasian Creed
concerning the trinitarian concept of God, pointing out that it was
a brilliant theological exposition of the nature of reality, and that
when political and constitutional systems reflected that reality individuals
found their associations much more fruitful and harmonious.
Douglas instanced the growth of constitutionalism in England in accordance
with the trinitarian concept, the result being the House Commons, The
House of Lords, both spiritual and secular, and the Crown. The growing
Judaic influence was a major factor in having Christianity declared
at the time of the First World War to be no longer part of the British
Constitution. The widespread claim that Christians worship the same
God as the Jews is a serious reflection upon the understanding of those
Christians who make it.
One of the stock answers of politicians
and others to the Social Credit case, is that "Social Credit is that
funny money scheme tried in Alberta, Canada, where it failed."
A Social Credit Government was elected in Alberta in 1935 under the
depressed conditions of that period. A combination of factors, not
the least of which was the role of the most remarkable William Aberhart,
uniquely placed to influence electors right thoughout Alberta, resulted
in an event which made world headlines and which rung the alarm bells
throughout the world of International Finance.
But Social Credit did not fail in Alberta for the simple reason that
proposals to implement Social Credit policies were opposed and defeated
by centralised power. As Douglas said, if Social Credit was absurd
and worthless as an effective answer to the Great Depression of the
period, the best way to have this demonstrated would be to permit the
Government of Alberta to go ahead with all the Social Credit policies.
The credit monopolists feared that a partial application of Social
Credit would prove so successful that every effort must be made to
prevent this taking place.
Still a pioneering and predominantly rural Province when the Great
Economic Depression took place in the early thirties, Alberta was hard
hit by this tragic event. Social Credit had been discussed by a number
of people shortly after Douglas had started writing on the subject.
Depression conditions produced a rapid expansion of interest, this
interest extending to Members of the United Farmers' Government of
Great physical hardships amidst plenty or potential plenty made it
relatively easy for an increasing number of Albertans to grasp that
their only basic problem was a shortage of money. Acting like a potent
catalyst in this situation was William Aberhart, a Principal of a Calgary
High School who commanded a Province-wide audience every Sunday with
his religious broadcasts. Aberhart was a born teacher, a master of
using the radio, and an excellent organiser.
Once he became convinced that a shortage of money was the cause of
the depressed conditions, that this shortage was the result of man-made
policies, and was anti-Christian, he started to use his radio programme
to preach the gospel of The New Economics.
A type of grass roots movement was soon sweeping the Province, with
hundreds of study groups. By the time Douglas reached Alberta during
his 1934 world tour, the United Farmers' Government was showing open
interest in what Douglas had to say. Early in 1935 this Government
appointed Douglas as Chief Reconstruction Adviser. But before Douglas
could actually start work, a frustrated electorate, influenced in the
main by Aberhart, was insisting that the United Farmers' Government
start to implement Social Credit policies.
It is fair to say that a major part of the reluctance of the Government
to move was the belief that a major change in credit policy was a Federal
matter and beyond the powers of the Provinces. Aberhart and his supporters
disagreed and called for candidates pledged to implement a policy of
providing Albertans with a monthly dividend of $25 dollars.
In an amazing election result these candidates were swept into office
winning all but a few of the seats. However, it was one thing to organise
a successful political campaign and to gain office, but it was another
matter for a group of political amateurs, led by a middle aged High
School Principal with no experience of Government administration to
move successfully against powerful international groups with centuries
of experience behind them.
Armed with the knowledge that the Albertan election result in 1935
had sent shock waves throughout the financial centres of the world,
and that plans had been laid well in advance should the Albertan electorate
vote for Social Credit, Douglas did not make the mistake of rushing
off to Alberta at Aberhart's urgent request. If centralised financial
power was to be assaulted, there had to be careful preparation.
Douglas stressed that it was useless for him to go to Alberta until
his advice concerning preparations was carried out. The inexperienced
Albertan Government, making the fatal mistake of setting itself up
as an expert on financial techniques, was out manoeuvred by the representatives
of financial orthodoxy. Douglas said he was provided with evidence
showing that the first tactic of the enemies of Aberhart was to divorce
him from Douglas.
Financial interests reacted to the Aberhart victory by taking steps
to ensure that the new Government was faced with a major financial
crisis. Aberhart was invited to visit representatives of the financial
interests in Eastern Canada, who promised some credit to assist a desperate
Government. The result was not only a failure to introduce the monthly
dividend promised before the elections, but an increase in taxation
and dismissal of a number of Government employees.
The Government was implementing an anti-Social Credit policy.
By the middle of 1936 the Aberhart Government appeared to be heading
for complete disaster. Commenting on the situation in 'The Alberta
Experiment', Douglas said,
"although it might, with some justice, be said that almost every mistake
of strategy which could be made in Alberta has been made, I find myself
in complete disagreement with those who regret that the adventure ever
should have been embarked upon or suggest that it must inevitably fail."
Douglas suggested that
"The course which offers the greatest and probably the only hope is
that which is based upon the essential nature of democracy on one hand,
and the primary cause of Mr. Aberhart's Electoral success, on the other.
The Provincial Government has, under existing circumstances, certain
sanctions which are quite undoubted, and chief among these is its power
of legal enforcement of its decrees."
Douglas conceded that if the Provincial Government took the offensive
against the financial interests, these interests
"in their turn have... the power to inflict damage upon Alberta but
I do not believe that that power, if seriously challenged, is anything
like so great as it is popularly supposed to be . . . The financial
system is essentially a system of black magic, and one of the, best
protections against black magic is not to believe in it."
The Budget brought down by the Aberhart Government early in 1937 triggered
developments which generally followed the type of strategy originally
recommended by Douglas. There was open revolt from a number of Social
Credit Members, one expressing the view of the critics with his shout,
"This Budget violates every Social Credit principle."
Aberhart sat with bowed head as he heard accusations of "double-crossing"
of financing the Government "on the pennies of the poor."
When it was made clear to Aberhart that his Social Credit critics would
not vote him money supply for the next three months unless he agreed
to their demands to start to implement a Social Credit policy, he agreed
to arrangements embodied in an Alberta Social Credit Act, a major feature
of which was the establishment of a Social Credit Board of five private
Members of the Legislature.
This Board to appoint a Commission of experts subject to it, to determine
the necessary technical measures required to provide the Albertan people
with the dividends they had overwhelmingly demanded at the 1935 election.
Following the establishment of the Social Credit Board, Social Credit
experts from England who had worked with Douglas, Mr. L. D. Byrne and
Mr. G. F. Powell, were invited to Alberta to advise. The first major
step by Byrne and Powell was to establish the correct relationship
between electors, their Parliamentary representatives and technical
Electors should confine themselves to demanding specific results, while
their Members of Parliament should faithfully represent the electors'
policies and call upon appropriate experts to devise the way and means
of achieving those policies. Members of Parliament were invited to
sign a pledge to uphold the Board and its technicians while means were
involved to make the will of the electors prevail.
The ground had been prepared for the next stage of the battle for Social
Credit in Alberta. During that stage vital legislation, starting with
the 'Credit of Alberta Regulation Act,' disallowed by the Courts, was
designed to force the basic issues confronting the Albertan people
into the open, with a view to preparing for an on-going battle.
In spite of opposition, the Aberhart Government, advised by Social
Credit technical experts, did achieve many valuable results, including
the progressive abolition of the Provincial debt.
When Douglas had given evidence before the Agricultural Committee of
the Albertan Legislature in 1934, he had disappointed many who had
expected him to produce an immediate neat blue print for the Province.
In his usual objective manner, Douglas insisted that the application
of principles had to be governed by situations. The limited constitutional
powers of the Canadian Provinces was one major factor to be considered.
Douglas well understood the magnitude of the problem of amateurs opposing
professionals. And in the case of Aberhart and his colleagues they
were poorly equipped amateurs with relatively little knowledge of financial
realities. They certainly knew little or nothing about Social Credit.
Douglas wrote in 'The Alberta Experiment' (1937) that
"It would not be possible to claim that at any time the technical basis
of Social Credit proposals was understood by him (Aberhart), and, in
fact, his own writings upon the subject are defective both in theory
and in practicability; but he did grasp, and his audience grasped,
that in the subject of the provision of effective monetary demand lay
the clue for the salvation of their difficulties."
Although aware of the serious deficiencies of understanding by Aberhart
and his colleagues, Douglas also understood that politics is the art
of the possible, and he made every endeavour to ensure that he was
not used to undermine Aberhart.
When Aberhart died during the Second World War, Douglas paid him the
"The character of the man, and the nature of his historic and
successful fight against the massed forces of Finance and corrupt politics
are not so well known and have, of course, been misrepresented to meet
the convenience of his reporters and critics ... Exceptional as the
new Premier (in 1935) was in electioneering ability, I do not believe
that either he or his supporters had the slightest conception of the
distance which separated them from the knowledge which was indispensable
to have even a fighting chance against an enemy with the experience
of the ages to help him. The miraculous fact is that they escaped disaster,
if even only by a hair's breadth. They could not fail to make mistakes,
but they learnt by them. It is not easy for a man of 57, the greater
part of whose life has been spent in teaching, to learn. It was here
that one of Aberhart's outstanding qualities shone so clearly. He was,
beyond all question, a man of complete integrity, more concerned to
fulfill his pledges than to force his own ideas, once he was convinced
that they were wrong or inexpedient. In the short space of five years,
while drastically remodelling and purifying the day to day administration
of the Province, he uncovered his enemies' hands by a series of Bills
which forced Mr. MacKenzie King, returned to power at Ottawa on a speech
demanding 'Hands off Alberta,' to forswear himself by disallowing them."
During the 1935 Canadian Federal Elections Mr. MacKenzie King, leading
the Liberal Party against the Conservative Government headed by R.
B. Bennett, had made a memorable and oft-quoted speech at Saskatoon,
Saskatchewan, on September 22, 1935, in which he said,
"Canada is faced with a great battle between the Money Power and the
People, a battle which will be waged in the new Parliament. I plead
for a sweeping Liberal victory to carry out my policy, of public control
of currency and credit. Until the control of currency and credit is
restored to the Government, all talk of the sovereignty of Parliament
and democracy is idle and futile."
Mr. MacKenzie King's words, together with his "Hands off Alberta"
statement convinced large numbers of Canadians to help vote the Liberal
Party into office.
Just as Douglas had not been misled, as were large numbers of money
reformers, when Franklin Roosevelt was campaigning for the American
Presidency in 1931 with stinging words about bankers, neither was he
misled about MacKenzie King, stressing that he was acceptable to the
international financial groups.
These groups used the MacKenzie King Government at Ottawa to thwart
in every possible way the Albertan revolt against centralised credit
The outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 brought changed circumstances
for Alberta. Credit was now more freely available, to fight the war.
But under the cover of the war crisis, it was proposed to increase
still further the powers of the Federal Government at the expense of
Aberhart placed himself at the head of a nation-wide campaign to resist
such proposals while organising the financial affairs of Alberta to
strengthen the base from which the campaign against centralised credit
control could be resumed at the end of military hostilities. Aberhart
had certainly learned fast under the influence of Douglas's advice.
His death during the war was a major tragedy for Social Credit.
His place was taken by Mr. Ernest Manning, pledged to continue Mr.
Aberhart's work. But soon it was clear that Mr. Manning was not prepared
to fight the power of International Finance. He encouraged an "On-to-Ottawa"
movement while contenting himself with advocating "good government"
in Alberta. The basic educational work was stopped. And eventually
the Government's technical adviser, Mr. Byrne, was summarily fired.
A staunch supporter of Political Zionism, Mr Manning took steps to
ensure that all suggestions of "extremism" and "anti-Semitism" were
removed. The challenge to the credit monopoly was replaced with advocacy
of "Conservative" Government.
The Alberta Government became like any other Government, primarily
concerned with power. The works of Douglas were banned by a party which
immorally continued to use the name of 'Social Credit.'
It was in one sense fitting that Mr. Ernest Manning should leave a
wrecked party in Alberta to become a director of a bank and to be appointed
to the Canadian Senate by the long-time pro-Marxist Pierre Trudeau.
The Albertan story, from beginning to end, confirmed everything Douglas
had to say about the nature of the problem facing Social Credit. If
the lessons are learned, the mistakes of the Albertan drama will not
FROM THE GROUND
Writing in The 'Land For (The Chosen)
People Racket' Douglas said that the plotters and planners recognise
that land, the money system, and the police are the raw material
of control, and control they are determined to have. They also recognise
that a majority is always ruled by a minority, and it is therefore
essential that the legal title to these things shall be taken from
a minority and vested in a majority - the 'Public.'
Genuine private ownership of land is a major barrier to the totalitarians,
irrespective of their label. The Soviet planners could not tolerate
the relative independence of the peasants, the Kulaks. Solzhenitsyn
has pointed out that the first feature of the attack on the peasants
was an attempt to tax them out of exisence. When that failed, brute
force had to be used.
Douglas's approach to the land question was once again a reflection
of his philosophy. He said,
"At the bottom, there is little doubt that there are two irreconcilable
ideas in conflict. The first of these is that the world in which we
live is an organism and that men and animals have intricate relationships
with the earth - not amorphous but specific and infinitely varied,
which can only be disregarded at the peril both of men and the earth
they live on. I do not mean in the least by this that a universal back
to the land movement is either necessary or desirable, but I do think
that the idea that the earth,is merely some thing to be; 'exploited
and lived on' is quite fatal, merely the raw material for a factory,
that the nearer agriculture approximates to Mr. Ford's conveyor-belt
principles, and towns emulate Stalingrad, the better we shall be.
I do not think I am unduly squeamish, but I have to plead guilty to
a wave of real nausea at the description, as progress, of egg factories
in which hundreds of thousands of hens are kept under electric lights
from birth to death, confined in little boxes, never allowed out, laying
eggs. I don't want to eat those eggs, and I have a strong conviction
that they are not good to eat, whatever their superficial taste may
The idea - the Encyclopaedic idea - that everything can be put into
a nice watertight compartment, and card indexed, is the philosophy
of a frozen Hell."
Writing in 'The Brief for The Prosecution', Douglas quoted the Balt,
Paul von Sokolowski: "There are two processes which weaken man's hold
over Nature and diminish his courage in his fight with her:
they are MOBILISATION of the soil and its SOCIALISATION.
Neither war with its ravages nor any Act of God fundamentally endangers
civilisation, so long as men pursue agriculture for its own sake. But
directly the land is mobilised, that is to say, when it becomes mere
property, capable of transference and financial-capitalisation, directly
it comes to possess only a commercial interest, it loses the inviolable
permanence and security without which its care and culture are impossible.
To the man whose home is on his own land, the idea that either he or
his successor could ever desert the field of their labour for the sake
of an economic advantage whatsoever, should be unthinkable. Nothing
in the world should be able to make them willing to sacrifice or exchange
their inherited home.
Socialisation of the soil is even more ruinous in its effect, for it
is likely to take control and care of the land out of the most competent
hands; since, regardless of the true needs of the community, it is
a temporary satisfaction of the cravings or ambitions of destitute
sections of the population by the distribution of landed property (e.g.
parcellation of estates).
Only one agrarian reform can increase the efficiency of the land; it
is the commitment of its care to those best qualified for the trust.
A change in agrarian tenure which is made at the expense of the land's
welfare -in the interest of no matter what group- should properly be
termed destruction of the soil. Socialising land laws undermines confidence
in the permanence and inviolability of property, without which proper
husbandry is unthinkable, for who is to give even those directly privileged
by such reforms the assurance that yet further reforms will not expropriate
them from the fields they have just acquired?
The faintest recollection of such changes must pass from the memory
of the people before confidence, thus broken, is restored."
A study of the documents on planning by the Fabian Socialist Political
and Economic Planning movement (PEP) reveals how there is a long-term
strategy to force the individual landowner to submit to "far-reaching
changes," ultimately leading to semi-collectivised farming.
Financial policies of'escalating debt, taxation and inflation are forcing
progressive centralisation of land ownership with farming which approximates
soil mining. "Get big or get out" is a slogan which not only applies
to buisness, but to farming. The social implications, are becoming
increasingly obvious as the rural communities local and towns are destroyed
while the Big City becomes progressively bigger.
Those who accept the philosophy of an organic balance in life will
applaud the sentiments of Dr. Scott Williamson as expressed in 'Physician,
"That nature is at war against man, or that man must conquer Nature,
his enemy, is the most stupid of all superstitions. It is just as stupid
to suggest that Nature has decreed a struggle for existence in face
of the scientific fact that Nature provides all the means to live in
All disease, including that resulting from tension, are manifestations
of a departure from natural, God-given law. The well known Lord Horder
has commented that "There is within us all a tendency to health."
That tendency can only manifest itself when man accepts the truth outlined
by Douglas, that the Laws of the Universe transcend human thinking,
and people who desire health in all spheres should seek to discover
those laws and obey them. Douglas said that all movements like those
of Henry George, whose first principle was to destroy private ownership
of property, have been financed or encouraged by the forces of International
As in every other field, Douglas demonstrated his capacity to produce
principles designed to ensure that private ownership of land is protected.
Those principles were designed specifically to meet British conditions,
but are just as applicable in other countries. In essence, Douglas
said that there must be absolute security of tenure for life, and the
abolition of land taxation of every description. All land should be
classified and only used for classified purposes. And no official to
have any right of access to private property without a Magistrate's
At present bureaucratic officials have in many cases more powers to
enter private property than have the police. This is further evidence
of the progression towards the Police State. All life depends upon
the soil and Douglas realistically warned that control of the land
is control of life. Social Credit recognised that a healthy balanced
society must build from the ground up.
THE CLOCK OF CIVILISATION
As we have seen, Douglas had as
early as 1924, in Social Credit, warned of the impending disintegration
of Civilisation under prevailing finance-economic policies. The Great
Economic Depression of the thirties prepared the way for the Second
World War, both events being predicted by Douglas.
The rapid expansion of the Social Credit Movement throughout the English-speaking
world, including the U.S.A. during the Depression years, and the serious
threat to the Credit Monopolists with the direct challenge in Alberta,
was met in part by a diversion in the form of what came to be known
as 'Keynesian Economics.'
As Douglas said, John Maynard Keynes was an able man. He not only conceded
that the banking system creates all new credits, but by inference in
his major work, 'The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money',
admitted that Douglas was right concerning a deficiency of purchasing
power. The Keynes solution was not to recommend that the individual
gain access to his own inherited credit as a right, but that depression
conditions should be overcome with an expansion of credit to finance
deficit budgets. This would enable Governments to
"stimulate" the economy by "pump-priming."
It would, of course, increase centralised control over the individual.
And Keynes did admit that one result would be inflation, but this could
Keynesiall type "money-reforms," which Hitler and Mussolini had introduced,
were offered to desperate people as the only answer to major depressions.
Marxist theoreticians like John Strachey welcomed Keynesian policies
of "controlled inflation" because they must inevitably undermine stable
Consider the state of industrial societies today, as inflation produces
increasing confrontations between employers and employees. In a little-publicised
attempt to help avert the threatened Second World War, Douglas at one
stage made an approach to Hitler, suggesting that if he were genuine
in his anti-Judaic sentiments, he would end the policy of "full employment"
which required Germany to strive to "export or perish." But Hitler,
a paranoiac, was a product of the will-to-power philosophy. The result
was, as Douglas said, that by "allowing himself to be put in ostensible
control of powers greater than himself" Hitler was at the mercy of
those who put him there.
When the Second World War started, Douglas expressed the view that
the work of the Social Credit Movement would not be lost. Early in
the war he predicted that the real objectives of the war were the establishment
of an International Police State, the restoration of the Gold Standard
and the Debt system, the
"elimination of Great Britain in the cultural sense, and the substitution
of Jewish-American ideals," and
"The establishment of the Zionist State in Palestine as a geographical
centre of World Control, with New York as the centre of World Financial'Control."
In an article in The New Age of January 14, 1932, 'The International
Idea,' Douglas examined the reasons for the campaign to establish the
World State: "there is a perfectly straightforward and practical
explanation of this propaganda for internationalism, and for practical
purposes one does not need to look further. Hardly a day passes without
a leading article in The Times or other papers of the same type of
interest, remarking, as though it were axiomatic that the world is
one economic unit, and that no adjustment of the present discontents
can be expected which does not proceed from international agreement.
These journals are ably seconded by High Clerics. This opinion, you
will notice, is never argued; it is always stated as though it were
obvious to the meanest intellect, which is, in fact, just about what
it is . . . the simplest explanation of this is that if you can make
a subject large enough and involve a sufficiently large number of people
in the solution of it, you can rest assured that you will never get
A democracy of a thousand voters can be personally approached and convinced
on any subject within a reasonable period of time, but if you enlarge
the franchise to include everyone over twenty-one in a population of
45,000,000 you can be reasonably sure that any general conclusion at
which it will arrive, it will arrive at twenty-five years after that
conclusion ceases to be true. If you can superimpose upon that by means
of a controlled Press, Broadcasting, and other devices of a similar
nature, something that you call 'public opinion' (because it is the
only opinion which is articulate) you have a perfect mechanism for
a continuous dictatorship, and moreover, it is the form of dictatorship
which is fundamentally desired by the collectivist mentality - a dictatorship
which has power without responsibility."
Douglas went on to observe that
a Jewish financier had contemptuously remarked that 'the reason the
Gentile could not shake himself free from the domination of finance
was because the Gentile could not distinguish between numbers and
"I should be inclined to go further than that, and say that the mentality
which is attracted by the Internationalist idea is incapable of distinguishing
between numbers, things and individuals. It is a type of mentality
which is fostered and ultimately becomes inseparable from people who
deal with nothing but figures, and is, in my opinion, the reason why
the banker in particular is fundamentally unsuited for the position
of reorganiser of the world. No banker, as such, has any knowledge
of large undertakings. He thinks he has because he deals with large
figures, and he mistakes the dealing with large figures as being equivalent
to dealing with large numbers of things and people . . . this is the
idea which is at the root of the International idea, where it is held
sincerely. It is that you can obtain an elaborate series of statistics
regarding the populations of the world and put a committee down at
Geneva, or elsewhere, to legislate for them on the basis of statistics.
It is an idea which would never be accepted by anyone who had ever
run or organised a small business.
The danger to the world of this idea is instant and practical. There
is a world movement definitely conscious of its aims, counting amongst
its adherents many persons placed by social position, prestige, and
other conditions, in what would seem to be a most impressive relation
to politics and organisation, which is consciously working for this
purpose. With it, or behind it, however you like to regard the matter,
are all those forces whose ends are best served by the subjection of
the individual to the group. While it will certainly fail, its backing
makes a conflict certain."
The end of the Second World War was the signal for an even faster retreat
from Civilisation. The break up of the British world, the only real
potential barrier to the establishment of the World State, was proceeded
with. The first major blow was struck at the Bretton Woods Agreement
during the Second World War, when Keynes joined with the secret Communist
agent in the American Treasury, Harry Dexter White, to establish the
International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
The most devastating blow against the British world was the ruthless
campaign which forced Britain into the European Economic Community,
the promoters openly claiming that this was a major step towards the
establishment of the World State.
Since the death of Douglas in 1952 the retreat from Christian Civilisation
has accelerated. The retreat has been masked to some extent by feverish
material activities as industrialised societies over-drive their production
systems in a desperate attempt to keep them from breaking down.
But a Civilisation is much more than its material achievements; it
is the incarnation of undergirding values and principles. Once these
have been eroded nothing is left but an empty and soul-less shell.
History is repeating itself. It is the disintegration of Rome all over
Disintegrating Rome had every social problem afflicting mankind today,
including the the youth revolt movement. A desperate people called
for "strong Government." But a Caesar could not halt the rot. The destructive
inflation continued. In an attempt to obtain more money from an over-taxed
people, Rome even resorted to public lotteries. Modern Caesars are
And, as the problems grow greater, the call now is for an International
Caesar, a World Government.
Nations and their peoples are called upon to surrender their few remaining
freedoms in the interests of "world brotherhood."
Symbolic of the state of retreat is the call by the pro-Marxist World
Council of Churches for support for the New International Economic
Order, for the very concentration of world power which Christ rejected.
As the twentieth century dawned, mankind was on the threshoId of what
could have been an advance in Christian Civilisation far exceeding
all achievements of the past. By discovering and applying the truths
concerning solar energy and technology, the bread of life, and much
more, could be easily produced in an abundance for all with progressively
less human labour. Real freedom based on economic freedom, was possible
on a scale never before possible. Man could be freed to devote himself
to the things of the spirit.
The foundations had been prepared over hundreds of years. But the very
productive capacity which could have been used to expand freedom, was
unleashed in an orgy of destruction in the first of a series of disasters,
the First World War.
It was during this disaster that Douglas emerged with the answer to
the problems which had been exploited to precipitate the disaster.
He was a true prophet, but he was rejected by those best placed to
take constructive action about his message of salvation from further
and worse disasters.
And many found the truth so blinding that it was "too good to be true
- too simplistic."
It is now 65 years since the beginning of the First World War. In that
comparatively short period of time, which promised so much, the destruction
of human life in warfare, in the Communist hells, as a result of famines
resulting from tribal conflicts in Africa, and many other man-made
disasters, has exceeded the total loss of human beings of the previous
Standards in all spheres have declined. The very technology which could
have served the cause of freedom has been used to promote lies so enormous
that the mind boggles.
In a short 65 years the clock of Civilisation has been put back 1900
years. And there is worse to come.
The stability which still prevails is the result primarily of the spiritual
capital of the past. But that capital is being rapidly exhausted. Reality
is the ultimate disciplinarian, and Douglas said that the real threat
was not that power maniacs could establish and operate a World State,
but that in the attempt to create such a monopoly of power, they would
produce increasing chaos.
Where then does the follower of Douglas stand today in relationship
to such a situation? He or she stands where the early disciples of
Christ stood as they looked out on a dark world from which the civilising
influence of Rome had been removed. Those who are going to advance
the purpose for which Christ said He came must first be clear about
Christ said, "And ye shall know the truth and the truth shall make
Truth then is the way to the objective of freedom. In one of his typically
penetrating and concise statements, Douglas defined freedom as the
right "to choose or refuse one thing at a time."
Without genuine freedom of choice the Divine destiny of man is impossible.
Examining the question of how
Christianity can be made a reality, Douglas compared Christianity
to the Theory of Thermo-Dynamics, a theory which concerns a truth.
But it is not this truth itself, or an expression of faith in the
truth, which moves things. Proper mechanisms have to be established
so that the truth can be used to drive, for example, great ships
across the ocean.
As Douglas said, "Thermo-Dynamics means nothing without Heat Engines,
and Christianity means nothing without the Incarnation."
Faith can move mountains if the appropriate mechanisms, reflecting
truth, are used. But faith without works is, as Christ said, death.
Millions of people can attend Church services and verbally express
their belief in Christianity, but unless that belief finds expression
in appropriate action, in every sphere of human activity, including
political and economic, a truly Christian society is impossible.
Christ's statement that those who were not for Him were against Him
can only mean that those who would seek to know the Father through
the Son, must accept the absolutes of Divine Law as it applies to all
aspects of man's activities and his relationship to the universe.
Christianity is not merely "another religion," as many claim.
Douglas said that "Christianity is something inherent in the very warf
and woof of the Universe, or it is just another set of interesting
opinions, largely discredited and thus doubtfully on a par with many
other opinions, and having neither more nor less claim to consideration."
What then, was unique about Christianity? Certainly not the claim of
those who say it offers the prospect of life after death. Other religions
have also made this claim. Christ not only stressed the value of every
individual, as a person in his own right, but shattered all prevailing
religious concepts by stating that the Kingdom of God was within the
individual. And that if the individual first sought the Kingdom of
God, he did not need to concern himself unduly about other requirements,
as they would be added unto him.
The starting point for the development of the Kingdom was the individual,
submitting himself to a search for God's laws, and then obeying them.
Christ's claim that God the Father demanded complete obedience, and
His insistence that the individual was more important than institutions
and systems, whose true purpose was to serve the desires of the individual,
was one which Douglas suggested was the real reason why the early Christians
were persecuted by the Roman Imperial Power, already disintegrating
at that time because of excessive centralised power in which financial
policy played a major role.
The early Christians were not persecuted because they held "principles,"
or religious views. There were other religious groups at the time,
but the pragmatic Romans were not unduly interested in what they felt
were unrealities, so long as those concerned gave unqualified support
to the Roman Imperial Power. But the Christian's allegiance was to
a higher power. Caesar was entitled only to that which belonged to
Caesar, and Caesar himself also should, in the Christian view, be regarded
as subservient to God.
Like all exponents of the will-to-power, when the Roman Imperial Power
saw Christianity as a threat to its monopoly of power, it attempted
to destroy that threat. One of the charges levelled at Christianity
is that it is irrelevant concerning the problems of man on earth, that
it is pre-occupied with other worldliness. Regretfully many calling
themselves Christians provide evidence to support these charges. So
far from ignoring the problems of man on earth, Christ taught His disciples
to appeal to God the Father in Heaven, asking, "Thy Kingdom come on
earth as it is in Heaven."
God's Kingdom can, only come on earth if individuals seek to know -
God, to serve God and to advance His purpose for man.
Christ commanded, "Be ye perfect."
Striving for perfection is only possible when the individual possesses
the freedom to do so. The goal of perfection means that Christ came
to restore, to make atonement with God possible. Atonement means at-one-with,
and Christ said that it was only through Him that the individual could
come to know the Father, to make complete contact.
So far from ignoring the material world, Christ said He had overcome
it. Man did not live by bread alone, but sufficient bread was essential.
"Give us this day our daily bread." God the Father has provided an
abundance of the material things required for the "life more abundant"
which Christ spoke about.
DENIES ACCESS TO KINGDOM
The overriding policy being used
to deny man access to the potential real security and expanding freedom
which is his birthright. is that of "Full Employment." Although the
policy blatantly contradicts every advance in technology, it is promoted
persistently as the most important objective towards which man can
The underlying philosophy is materialistic, treating the human being
as so much raw material to be fed into an expanding mass production
system, and anti-Christian because it denies that the major factor
in modern production is inheritance.
When Douglas first put forward the policy of a National Dividend for
the individual as a right reflecting the reality of inheritance, it
was scathingly denounced as "something for nothing."
Life itself is a gift, as are the most important factors which sustain
life- water, air and unlimited solar energy. The falilure to accept
God's gifts with proper respect is a manifestation of man's false pride,
a refusal to accept the truth that man is not self-sufficient, that
he does depend upon God and His abundant Universe, abundant in materials
and the laws which, if discovered and applied, provide both security
The tendency to worship science as some type of God is but further
evidence of man's false pride. Science cannot create anything. It is
but an orderly method of discovering and using that which already exists.
Formulae are but man-devised instruments which man has invented to
increase his effectiveness in arranging associations which result in
Each new generation inherits knowledge built up by previous generations.
Even ideas are inherited. as pointed out by that great scientist, Isaac
Newton: "If I have seen further than other men, it is because I have
stood on the shoulders of giants."
As Douglas said, every generation of mankind receives contributions
from two sources, the effort of human beings applied to instruments
which have been created by previous generations.
Douglas summarised: "We have an association between the present and
the past yielding an increment which is present; and relatively to
one another, the past is enormously the most effective element in this
One of the most shallow statements by those who endorse the 'Full Employment'
policy, is that "hard work never hurt anyone." So far from being true,
much hard work has had a brutalising effect on the individual. And
activities which can be seen to be unnecessary, except to obtain a
monetary income, are soul-destroying. Human drudgery is not conducive
to man seeking the Kingdom of God.
The major contributions to Civilisation have come from those who have
enjoyed relative security and freedom. But in defiance of the facts,
many Christians support the policy of 'Full Employment' on the authority
of St. Paul's statement that if a man did not work neither would he
eat. That statement was generally true when Paul made it. There was
a time when human energy was the only means of production. But St.
Paul had never seen or even envisaged a computer-controlled automated
A much greater authority than St. Paul, Christ, said something much
more fundamental and of permanent value:
"Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap,
nor gather into barns; yet your Heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye
not much better than they? . And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider
the lilies of the field; how they grow; they toil not, neither do they
spin . . . Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which
today is, and tomorrow is cast into the oven shall He not more clothe
you, 0 ye of little faith?"
Christ said that He came in order that the individual might enjoy the
life more abundant. He did not say, as a former Governor of the Bank
of England, Sir Montagu Norman said, that poverty was, good for people.
The great Christian. philosopher, St. Thomas Aquinas, said that "Spiritual
danger ensues from poverty when the latter is not voluntary... no man
ought to live unbecomingly."
Increasing freedom from compulsory economic activity does not presume
growing idleness. Such freedom would place the individual in the position
where he could participate in the type of activity which appealed to
him. There would be a flowering of creative activity with individuals
employing themselves. It can be predicted with certainty that an intensification
of the policy of 'Full Employment' can only hasten the growing disintegration
of what is left of Christian Civilisation. Regeneration depends upon
that and associated policies being opposed and rejected.
The desperate plight of the world
results in many calls for a 'spiritual revival.' But no realistic
spiritual revival can take place unless it is based upon the truth
that spirit is creative initiative which requires genuine freedom
in order to develop. Christianity stresses the primacy of the spiritual
over the material. "My'Kingdom is not of this world," said Christ.
But Christianity does not ignore this world. What Christ said was that
it was essential first to seek the Kingdom of God and then "all these
things shall be added unto you."
Douglas said. "it is not improper to say that Christianity is inter
alia 'a technique by which a man, by control of his ideation, may gain
such part of the world as in the nature of things appertains to him
. . '
But there is warning. 'What shall it profit a man if he gain the whole
world, and lose his own soul."
The objective of those seeking centralised power is to gain the whole
world. Christ was tempted with complete world power on the mountain.
But such power meant a renunciation of the Kingdom of God and Christ
rejected Satan's temptation.
The truth about power was outlined succinctly in the famous words of
the great English statesman and historian, Lord Acton: "All power tends
to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely." Here is a law
as absolute as the law of gravity. The individual defies it at his
While some have no difficulty in grasping that centralised power corrupts
those individuals using it, it is not so generaliv appreciated that
those over whom the power is exercised also become corrupted. They
become the instrument of someone else's power, and in the process lose
control of themselves. They surrender the Kingdom within to the anti-Christ.
It has been said that even worse than the institution of slavery is
that the slaves can come to love their chains. Those who stand idly
by while centralised power is used to deny the individual the right
to search for the Kingdom are traitors to God and His purpose for man.
Every retreat from freedom is a retreat from God.
Practical Christianity requires policies which provide the individual
with freedom to make choices which ensure that each individual is personally
responsible for the choices he makes. The starting point for a realistic
spiritual revival will not be discovered in mass rallies. The starting
point is the individual. Christ's message was not directed towards
groups, organisations, States, or any other manifestation of collectivism;
it was directed towards individuals.
Christ said that when two or three were gathered together in His name
they would experience the Divine presence. Every study of power shows
that the bigger the number of individuals in a group, the more it approximates
a mob. Mobs are ugly manifestations of evil in which the Divine spirit
is destroyed. The individual surrenders to mob hysteria and to those
who manipulate mobs.
He who taught that Faith without works is death clearly did not suggest
that God's Kingdom on earth would arrive by people merely praying about
it. Far too many who call themselves Christians have retreated from
the battleground where the anti-Christ has been winning many battles,
to the comfort of the prayer meeting, where in essence they ask God
to do that which they should be doing.
Much that passes for prayer is little more than lip service or vain
petitions. There is something bordering on blasphemy when, for example,
an individual having for years violated God's laws concerning the treatment
of the body God gave him, then asks God to cure him of a serious illness.
God, of course, can cure, but only if the individual will genuinely
repent of his errors and take action to correct them.
There are different types of prayer, including contemplative prayer.
But prayer must be seen as a means through which the individual can
establish a special relationship with God, thus gaining access to a
source of power which then enables the individual to do what must be
done, or to establish a state of mind which reduces tensions, casts
out fear, or increases Faith for ultimate action. The type of action
taken is the only measure of the depth of Faith. Mere words of themselves
cannot help in the search for Truth. Words can often be a tyranny by
which man deludes himself.
Far too many Christians are like the Jewish Rabbis, slaves to what
was "written in the law," spending endless time in quibbling interpretations,
fragmented into warring groups, with undue concentration on "the word"
to the exclusion of making the word flesh - of action.
Lack of action is sometimes justified on the grounds that a group has
been "chosen." Apart from the Zionist thrust for power, there have
been different manifestations of the concept of the "chosen"
It was Calvin who promulgated the doctrine of pre-destination, one
which was used to justify the worst features of the Industrial Revolution.
Those who had succeeded materially had done so because God had ordained
Karl Marx replaced the "Chosen Race" idea of his Jewish forbears with
that of the proletariat, which must "inevitably" triumph because of
the "will of history" expressing itself through the "law" of dialectical
materialism. It was logical that Marx welcomed Charles Darwin's theory
of evolution, which taught that "the fittest" were the chosen and survived."
All doctrines of inevitability strike at the core of the Christian
doctrine of free will; the belief that by conscious effort the individual
can change the course of events from what they otherwise would be.
But to be effective that effort must be the product of a realistic
Faith, one developed as the result of a constant deepening of the knowledge
of Reality. A realistic Faith is like a compass on a dark night. Irrespective
of appearances, Faith in the compass is based upon the sure knowledge
that it always reflects Reality, Truth.
Action can be confidently based on that type of Faith. Realistic Faith
places the individual in touch with the ultimate source of all power,
God. It does not result in a passive complacency, but in dynamic action
based upon a lack of fear. Social Credit action must be a product of
a Realistic Faith. That action must refuse to give any semblance of
reality to Evil.
Social Credit action must reject the old power game of divisive party
politics. It must seek to unite, to heal, in accordance with the Christian
law of Love. As the Kingdom of God is within each individual, access
to the Kingdom is available NOW
Regeneration of Civilisation must start with regeneration of the individual.
The development of the Kingdom of God can start now with individuals
seeking to use their initiative, in association with others who are
also "practical Christians," to resist wherever possible the policies
of evil. Refusal to act is a failure to strive to enter the kingdom.
Douglas stressed the importance of individual integrity, of facing
truth as it is, observing how it was found more often in little children
than in adults. Hans Anderson's fable about the Emperor's new clothes
has the child naturally and truthfully saying that the Emperor was
in fact naked when all others had been conditioned to believe that
they could not see the wonderful clothes because they were too stupid.
The worldly, the sophisticated and the powerful scorn, of course, Christ's
injunction that they might have more chance of finding the Kingdom
if they became as little children. Anyone who has had much to do with
children have observed how before the ego develops, generally from
the age of five onwards, there is a type of natural frankness and goodness.
The ego develops with growth. And the capturing of the young mind for
social and other theories starts.
The matured Christian learns to accept the importance of proper humility,
to repress the ego, and to return to the concept of objective goodness.
By seeking to find the Kingdom within, of making an honest attempt
to practise that which Christ taught, to in essence become as a little
child, he is in reality "born again."
And by letting his light shine before others, he can set an example
which others will follow.
On a papyrus found at Oxyrinchus, Egypt, in 1903, and now in the British
Museum, there is a brilliantly clear exposition of the central teaching
"The Kingdom of Heaven is within you, and whoever shall know himself
shall find it. Strive therefore to know yourselves and ye shall be
aware that ye are the sons of the . . . Father; and ye shall know that
ye are in the city of God, and ye are the city . . . wherever there
are (two) they are not without God, and wherever there is one alone
I say I am with him. Raise the stone and there thou shalt find me.
Cleave the wood and there I am . . . Let not him who seeks cease until
he finds, and when he finds, he will be astonished; astonished he will
reach the Kingdom and having reached the Kingdom he shall rest."
Commenting on the Divine attributes
of each individual the famous psychologist Jung said that the Christian
should not seek to make himself a carbon copy of Christ, but should
see Christ, His example and teachings as the way to spiritualise
his own life, to develop his own uniqueness.
Nothing has done so much damage to the cause of genuine Christianity
than the acceptance of the dogma that "all men are equal." As Douglas
stressed, the meaning of "equality" is no quality at all.
The equality dogma is linked with the concept of central planning,
with the individual being regarded as little more than a piece of raw
material to be suitably conditioned to serve the purposes of the planners.
Much of what passes for education today is a conditioning process with
psychologists selecting the types of young people judged to be the
most suitable to operate an increasingly centralised society. As power
becomes progressively centralised, so do those without any scruples
concerning the use of power come to the top.
Fear, not love, becomes the major energising factor. And fear is destructive,
preventing the creativeness of the individual to flower. There is nothing
in Christ's message which supports the equality dogma.
Christ' said that "in my house are many mansions . . . " Every individual
entering Christ house can select which mansion he prefers for his spiritual
development. How can there be equality amongst individuals when Christ
said that the greatest would be the servants of all? And Christ dealt
a devastating blow to the equality dogma with His biting advice. "Cast
not your pearls before swine, lest they turn upon you, and rend you".
In a genuinely free, creative society, a Christian society, one of
the outstanding features is diversity, not equality. As self-development
takes place, differences become more striking with the result that
more meaningful comparisons can be made. Those genuinely seeking the
Kingdom must consider how they stand in relationship to God as individuals,
not as part of some group.
Collective salvation is an anti-Christian concept.
Douglas said. "The mass is unsaveable, just as a mob is insane ('without
health'): the object of anti-Christ is to keep mankind in ever larger
mobs, thus defeating the purpose of Christ, to permit the emergence
of self-governing, self-conscious individuals, exercising free will,
and choosing good because it is good.
The energising factor is attraction, inducement."
The philosophy underlying all central planning is lack of faith in
free individuals. They fear such individuals because, in the words
of those responsible for the revolutionary documents known as The Protocols,
there is nothing so dangerous as individual initiative, an admission
that the material can be made subservient to the Spirit.
Douglas said that "Christianity, Democracy, and Social Credit have
at least three things in common, they are said to have failed; none
of them is in the nature of a Plan, and every effort of some of the
most powerfully organised forces in the world is directed to the end,
not only that they shall never be accepted, but that as few persons
as possible shall ever understand their nature."
Douglas devoted considerable attention to stressing that genuine Christianity,
Democracy and Social Credit were all concerned with ensuring that individuals
had effective control over their own lives and accepted personal responsibility
for how they used power. Christianity has struggled for nearly two
thousand years to free itself from that Talmudic influence which Christ
so strongly attacked. Christianity's alleged failure is that of individuals
who failed to grasp the message of real freedom which Christ brought
and to take Christ's advice.
The genius of Douglas enabled him to present the true nature of both
democracy and Christianity. Douglas has provided the key to the door
which must be opened to enable the individual to enter the Kingdom..
But that key must be turned by individuals with the knowledge and the
will to do so. The future of Christianity now depends upon those who
have grasped the Truths - the glimpse of Reality discovered and presented
BY ERIC D. BUTLER
RED PATTERN OF WORLD
introduction by Sir Raphael Cilento. Traces the amazing expansion of
An examination of Marxist-Leninist Philosophy
THE ESSENTIAL CHRISTIAN
A short survey of Historical Christianity
THE ENEMY WITHIN THE EMPIRE
A short history of the Bank of England
AND CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY
Social Credit discussed as the policy of a philosophy
FABIAN SOCIALIST CONTRIBUTION TO THE COMMUNIST ADVANCE
An excellent introduction to the role of the Fabian Marxist
PROGRAMME FOR REVERSING INFLATION
Address to a Queensland Country Party Conference