5 December 1969. Thought for the Week: "Fifty thousand people gathered in a single place can do fewer things together than twenty five groups of two thousand. Their chief function is limited to being there and saying Hurrah! or Heil! at the right moment. That is why dictators love crowds and seek to provide bigger arenas and auditoriums for them. The bigger the crowd, the emptier the function."
Lewis Mumford in The Culture of Cities.
THREE CHEERS FOR SIR HORACE PETTY!
" People have called me a racist - but that's a lot of bloody rot', said Sir Horace Petty. 'Ninety nine per cent of them don't know what they are talking about and half the rest have never been to countries with race problems." Sir Horace, 65, returned to Melbourne yesterday to retire after 51/2years as Victoria's Agent-General in London." - The Age, Melbourne, December 1, 1969.
While Sir Horace's straight-forward defence of Australia's immigration laws will be warmly welcomed by the overwhelming majority of Australians, it irritated that small minority of self-styled intellectuals who persistently attempt to bring into Australia problems which do not at present exist. They are aided by starry-eyed do-gooders who appear to be incapable of learning from experience.
In a vicious editorial attack on Sir Horace, The Age of December 2 commented on "offensive, racially prejudiced remarks", and recalled how last year Sir Horace had written a letter to The Times London, pointing out that South Africa, Rhodesia and Australia were "resisting the march of communism in the Southern Hemisphere." Sir Horace has made it clear that he had not "backed down" on his pro-Rhodesia and South African views. The Age and other critics are upset because Sir Horace not only vigorously defends Australia's traditional immigration policy, but says they should be tougher." More statements like this are required from public men.
It is pleasing to notice how Australia's High
Commissioner in the United Kingdom, Sir Alexander Downer, has also recently
urged that Australia maintain its immigration policy. Sir Horace Petty
said that, "I didn't realise until I went to England just what a problem
this (race issue) is. They talk about integration, but it hasn't worked
it hasn't worked anywhere. I have never been anywhere in England
where people haven't said how fortunate Australia is not to have a color
It is most refreshing to hear this sturdy commonsense.
Sir Horace does not object to African and Asian students coming to Australia
under the Colombo Plan - but he objects to any suggestion that they
CAN WE NOW KEEP THAT FUND MOVING?At last our 1970 $25,000 Fund has started to move a little faster. Since last week's report 57 supporters donated and/or pledged $2, 869.25, bringing the total to $8, 894.75. This means that at the moment only 187 supporters have donated and/or pledged approximately one third of the total minimum amount required. One good push from 1000 "hard core" supporters, contributing only an average of $16.00 each, less than what most families spend in papers during the year, would settle our problem and permit full concentration on more important matters. Let us see if we cannot finalise this before Christmas. All donations to Box 1052J, G.P.O. Melbourne.
Northern N.S.W. and Queensland readers should send to Mr. Don Martin P.O. Box 3 Paddington Brisbane Queensland.
CANBERRA CENTRALISM ATTACKED IN QUEENSLAND PARLIAMENT
"The Federal Government's increasing tendency to centralism should be curbed, the Treasurer (Mr. Chalk) said in State Parliament last night. 'More and more money made available by the central Government to the States has strings attached', he said. 'These strings not only direct the specific avenues in which funds must be spent - more importantly they often require matching expenditure by the States. The net offset of this type of conditioning is that the volume of funds in the State's discretionary use is dwindling. This is undesirable and can lead only to stronger central Government and weaker State Government." - The Courier - Mail, Brisbane, November 28.
The Queensland State Treasurer is certainly correct when he says that, "Commonwealth - State financial relations were one of the most important public issues." Centralised control of finance in a country the size of Australia must inevitably result in a growing bureaucratic despotism. In our special post-election issue of November 21, we quoted from an excellent address on the Commonwealth's financial strangulation of the States, by the Victorian Minister for Local Government, the Hon. R.J.Hamer. The complete text of this address is given in the December issue of The Intelligence Survey.
One of the most active of the backbench Members in the Queensland Parliament, Mr. Charles Porter, also provided some extremely valuable information in an address on October 17, 1968. The following is one of the most relevant portions of this address: "This vastly changed picture as between the Commonwealth and the States is seen again if we look at the share of each in the total Australian indebtedness. In 1949 the States owed 37.4per cent of the total Australian indebtedness and the Commonwealth owed the lion's share of' 62.5 per cent. By 1958, less than 10 years later, the position had altered to 56.16 per cent for the States and 43.9 per cent for the Commonwealth. In 1967 the Commonwealth owed only 32.1 per cent, of all Australian indebtedness, while the States owed 67.8 per cent. In less than 20 years the situation as become completely reversed, which means, of course, that in 20 years the State share of Australian indebtedness has gone from 37.4 per cent to 67.8 per cent, and the Commonwealth's share has fallen from 62.5 per cent, to 32.1 per cent."
The situation outlined by Mr. Porter has further
deteriorated to the detriment of the States. If the deterioration is
permitted to proceed much further, the States will be nothing more than
administrative conveniences of the Central Government. Self Government
will be ended. Government by centralised bureaucracy will take over.
GEORGE WALLACE SAYS U.S. SHOULD WIN VIETNAM WAR
"President Nixon's plan to vietnamise the war would only lengthen it and cause the depth of more troops, the former Alabama Governor, Mr. George Wallace, said yesterday. The war was winnable and the U.S. should fight to win he said. Mr. Wallace is one of those old fashioned types who believe that there is no substitute for victory particularly when dealing with the Communists. He gave his views after a recent fact finding tour of South Vietnam. He points out "Vietnamisation is not going to end the fighting, because we are fighting in South Vietnam and there the civilians have attacked each other every day. Consequently, the North Vietnamese go to bed each night perfectly free from rocketing and assassination attempts. This means the war is going to go on."
Mr. Wallace said that Vietnamese and American leaders in the war zone felt the war was winnable. He felt that victory could be obtained in less than twelve months. Mr. Wallace said he had no objection to Mr. Nixon's plan of American withdrawal and turning the fighting over to the Vietnamese but he believes it would take less casualties to win the war than withdraw."
The U.S.A. is now starting to pay a terrible price for the no-win policy, which has been pursued. The nature of this conflict has been such that it is probably true that there have been isolated examples of American troops engaging in atrocities. These are being exploited by the Communists and their dupes who take care to "play down" the terrible atrocities for which they have been responsible. But the truth has to be faced that large numbers of scientists, not Communists or Communist sympathisers are genuinely concerned about the long-term damage being done in South Vietnam from the use of chemical sprays and other tactics. There has been great moral damage.
Some Vietnamese want the Americans to stay inevitably because of the economics of the situation. All this could have been minimised if the American policy makers had done what was advised by the leaders. A win policy, including a cutting of the Communists' main supply line from the Soviet Union through the Port of Haiphong, would have avoided the years of bleeding and agony for and her allies. It is still not too late for the Nixon Administration to adopt the Wallace policy.
THE INTERNATIONAL CHESSBOARD
By Eric D. Butler.
In On Target of November 14 I drew attention
to the Soviet Union's increasing interest in the Island of Mauritius.
Now comes the news that the Soviet is pressing the Mauritian Government
for naval facilities. Commenting on news of this development, newly
appointed Minister for the Navy, Mr. D.J.Killen draws attention to the
Soviet's interest in the field of oceanography and makes the pertinent
comment that "It is likely that oceanography has greater potential than
space exploration would appear to have."
It is significant that there is growing Communist
interest in Southern Africa and the "freedom fighters." Useful innocents
like Mr. Edward St.John brush aside claims of Communist backing for
organisations like the African National Congress as merely South African,
Rhodesian or Portuguese propaganda. But facts are facts, and so it is
important to draw attention to an international symposium held during
the first part of October in Alma Ata, the capital of Kazakhstan, Soviet
Central Asia, to commemorate the centenary of Lenin's birth.
The African National Congress of South Africa was led by one Mziwandile Piliso. This "freedom fighter said", amongst other things: "With Lenin's ideas as a guide, the oppressed exploited people of South Africa are fighting for their liberation. Our main task is to abolish the fascist tyranny and establish a revolutionary democracy...Without the support we receive from the Socialist countries, particularly the Soviet Union...our struggle would have been inconceivable. The world national liberation movement will achieve complete victory only on the road illuminated by Lenin's ideas."
The gentleman claiming to represent Rhodesia was George Silundika, secretary of the banned Zimbabwe African People's Union. He claimed that 'never before has interest in Africa in Lenin's theoretical heritage been as great as now... If we resolutely come out against colonial and imperialist aggression, we do it for the sole goal to achieve Socialism."
There were also delegates present representing the "national liberation movement in Portuguese colonies in Africa." One of these, J.Honwana expressed "...our gratitude to the Soviet Government and people who are rendering immense unselfish help to oppressed nations."
Coinciding with this symposium, President Nyerere of Tanzania was making a State visit to Moscow between October 7 to 13. In a communiqué issued at the conclusion of the visit, there was a bitter attack against South Africa, Portugal, and Rhodesia, and a promise by the Soviet leaders to do everything possible to back the various "freedom fighters." The picture is quite clear.
ON TARGET BULLETIN
SUBJECT FOR DISCUSSION
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